reflexive

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reflexive

1. Physiol of or relating to a reflex
2. Logic Maths (of a relation) holding between any member of its domain and itself

reflexive

(theory)
A relation R is reflexive if, for all x, x R x.

Equivalence relations, pre-orders, partial orders and total orders are all reflexive.
References in periodicals archive ?
In reflexive passives se is an accusative clitic, while in impersonal reflexives se is (or absorbs) nominative.
Reflexives as grammatical constructions: a case study in Czech.
Autonomous reflexives oriented strategically towards social mobility in the market may change their socioeconomic status but in so doing reproduce capitalist social structure.
These examples show nothing directly about LDA, but they do indicate that a complement-taking verb like claim permits both human DP subjects denoting people and nonhuman ones denoting documents and moreover that both types can antecede pronouns but not reflexives in parallel positions in their complements.
One might, as do Lasnik and Saito, attempt to account for cases like 5 as instances of ordinary reflexives (110), that is, those which inter alia link a reflexive to a coargument, as in 3, with the constraint barring the reflexive version of 4a somehow vacated by the extraction associated with topicalization.
The last two research questions addressed by G concern the relationship between (formally identical) reflexives and intensifiers, and the use of bare self-forms in a (non-bound) argument function.
SELF-intensifiers and reflexives in a historical perspective
One possible explanation for the contrast in acceptability between (11) and (12) is that with 1st and 2nd person reflexives no ambiguity can arise, which makes it possible to use them without a structural antecedent.
The column "error" lumps together all responses that could not be scored as belonging to one of the possible reflexives, including responses with omissions of the reflexive pronoun, no response at all, and hesitations during speech.
In his seminal article "Iconic and economic motivation," John Haiman (1983) observed that in a wide variety of languages verbs influence the phonological form that reflexives take.
In resultative constructions formed with so-called unergative verbs, the distribution of the reflexive pronouns is different in English and German.
The number of roots whose niphal requires a reflexive translation to the number of roots whose niphal requires a passive translation is 70 to 358.