reflexology

(redirected from reflexologist)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

reflexology

1. a form of therapy practised as a treatment in alternative medicine in which the soles of the feet are massaged: designed to stimulate the blood supply and nerves and thus relieve tension
2. Psychol the belief that behaviour can be understood in terms of combinations of reflexes

Reflexology

 

a natural science trend in psychology that developed from 1900 to 1930 mainly in Russia and was associated with the work of V. M. Bekhterev. Following I. M. Sechenov, the representatives of reflexology assumed that all thought processes are manifested objectively. Accordingly, they studied all the reflexes in which the brain is involved (“correlative activity”). Reflexologists endeavored to use strictly objective methods as a “firm prop” for scientific conclusions. They studied mental activity in relation to neural processes, using data on the physiology of higher nervous activity for purposes of elucidation.

Reflexology originated in psychology and subsequently extended into the fields of pedagogy, psychiatry, sociology, and art studies. Despite some achievements, the trend was unable to overcome its mechanistic interpretation of mental processes as epiphenomena of behavioral acts. Marxist criticism of reflexology intensified by the late 1920’s. Many reflexologists became aware of the trend’s limitations and reconsidered their former views.

A. V. PETROVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
An appointment with a reflexologist can help you determine whether reflexology is right for you and allow you to get a sense of the techniques to try.
IT is, naturally, ideal to visit a trained reflexologist, however, "a great way to work these pressure and reflex points in the feet, without seeing a reflexologist specifically, is to walk barefoot, particularly on the beach," says Sharon.
More details of World Reflexology Week from the Association of Reflexologists at www.
The researchers acknowledged that because the person training the partner reflexologists also administered the questionnaires, there may have been a lack of complete objectivity and the chance of bias.
Reflexologists are renowned for diagnosing problems through the medium of the feet.
Vancouver-based reflexologist and educator Chris Shirley puts it this way: "If a reflexology recipient is not aware of any other symptoms that corroborate with the stress and tension identified by reflexology, then the person should recognize that the stress and tension will be alleviated to some degree by reflexology stimulation.
As a practicing reflexologist for 14 years, Gaither says she has seen a steady increase in the popularity of reflexology.
Each month 1,600 patients receive inpatient and outpatient services from holistic nurse clinicians, fulltime massage therapists, acupuncturists, a reflexologist and a music therapist.
Having each experienced at first hand the enormous benefits of complementary therapy, trained massage therapist Rachel Wheeler, and experienced reflexologist Louise Davies decided to open their own specialist therapy clinic in Talbot Green.
Having each experienced at first the enormous benefits of complementary therapy, trained massage therapist Rachel Wheeler, and experienced reflexologist Louise Davies decided to open their own specialist therapy clinic in Talbot Green.
As a reflexologist, you would work with clients to treat a variety of conditions, including stress, sleep disorders, sports injuries and chronic back pain.
Dr Carol Samuel, a trained reflexologist and co-author of the study, says: "As we predicted, reflexology decreased pain sensations.