reflexology

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reflexology

1. a form of therapy practised as a treatment in alternative medicine in which the soles of the feet are massaged: designed to stimulate the blood supply and nerves and thus relieve tension
2. Psychol the belief that behaviour can be understood in terms of combinations of reflexes

Reflexology

 

a natural science trend in psychology that developed from 1900 to 1930 mainly in Russia and was associated with the work of V. M. Bekhterev. Following I. M. Sechenov, the representatives of reflexology assumed that all thought processes are manifested objectively. Accordingly, they studied all the reflexes in which the brain is involved (“correlative activity”). Reflexologists endeavored to use strictly objective methods as a “firm prop” for scientific conclusions. They studied mental activity in relation to neural processes, using data on the physiology of higher nervous activity for purposes of elucidation.

Reflexology originated in psychology and subsequently extended into the fields of pedagogy, psychiatry, sociology, and art studies. Despite some achievements, the trend was unable to overcome its mechanistic interpretation of mental processes as epiphenomena of behavioral acts. Marxist criticism of reflexology intensified by the late 1920’s. Many reflexologists became aware of the trend’s limitations and reconsidered their former views.

A. V. PETROVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Cornbleet, medical director of the Marie Curie Centre, Edinburgh, Scotland, does not plan to employ reflexologists in his palliative care program.
For further information, contact the International Federation of Reflexologists on 020-8667-9458.
Reflexologist Necia Simons-Davies is staying ahead of the game with a pioneering therapy.
We are a co-operative of eight highly skilled, AOR accredited reflexologists," said Jude Barker, who set the group up along with Anne Trigg, Bethan Mair Williams, Ceri Maunder, Elin Hughes, Jo Gauci, Michelle Hopkins and Angela Hayes.
While Caroline applies lotion to her clients' feet before beginning a massage, many reflexologists prefer to work on bare skin.
Self- employed reflexologists charge a sessional rate, which usually varies from pounds 25 to pounds 60 for a 45 to 60 minute session.
Reflexologists may also work from home, from rented premises or at clients' homes.
Reflexologists are complementary medicine practitioners who apply specific pressure to reflex points on their clients' hands and feet.
Lynda is a member of the Asssociation of Reflexologists, the UK's largest professional body and one that has been fighting for medical recognition of the therapy.
A complementary therapist specialising in aromatherapy massage, reflexology, Indian head massage and thermo-auricular therapy using hopi ear candles, she has been operating in a welcoming and cosy treatment room in Kenton, Newcastle, for seven years and is a member of the Association of Reflexologists and Federation of Holistic Therapists.