reflexology

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reflexology

1. a form of therapy practised as a treatment in alternative medicine in which the soles of the feet are massaged: designed to stimulate the blood supply and nerves and thus relieve tension
2. Psychol the belief that behaviour can be understood in terms of combinations of reflexes

Reflexology

 

a natural science trend in psychology that developed from 1900 to 1930 mainly in Russia and was associated with the work of V. M. Bekhterev. Following I. M. Sechenov, the representatives of reflexology assumed that all thought processes are manifested objectively. Accordingly, they studied all the reflexes in which the brain is involved (“correlative activity”). Reflexologists endeavored to use strictly objective methods as a “firm prop” for scientific conclusions. They studied mental activity in relation to neural processes, using data on the physiology of higher nervous activity for purposes of elucidation.

Reflexology originated in psychology and subsequently extended into the fields of pedagogy, psychiatry, sociology, and art studies. Despite some achievements, the trend was unable to overcome its mechanistic interpretation of mental processes as epiphenomena of behavioral acts. Marxist criticism of reflexology intensified by the late 1920’s. Many reflexologists became aware of the trend’s limitations and reconsidered their former views.

A. V. PETROVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
With experience and further training, you could teach reflexology in colleges, coach or mentor newlyqualified reflexologists.
Reflexologist Tracy Howes "It doesn't claim to be able to cure conditions, but rather aid the healing process," said Tracy, 33, of Llandudno, who took a year's course at Coleg Llandrillo to become a qualified practitioner.
The supposed masseur and reflexologist was jailed for eight years after a "painstaking" investigation by DC Suzanne McManus exposed his abuse of clients.
Prior to study commencement, partners in in the reflexology group were trained by a certified reflexologist to give a reflexology treatment.
Along to the lighthouse came a reflexologist, a hypnotherapist-life coach and a Reiki practitioner.
Reflexologists use the foot like a map of the body, working by applying pressure to the different reflex points.
In fact, in Denmark, there are more reflexologists than medical doctors
Sponsored by the Dharmalaya Center for Human Development and the Hult Center for the Performing Arts, Sunday's event featured about 50 local licensed massage therapists, reflexologists, acupuncturists and other healers.
Conditions treated by reflexologists range from asthma to back pain to cancer.
Renee Tanner, chairperson of the International Federation of Reflexologists, recommends the following techniques to maximise your brain performance.
Not content with furthering her own working Ms Simons-Davies has begun teaching her therapeutic technique to other reflexologists.