In the work  peculiarities of interference of reactive components of harmonic electric and magnetic fields are studied on the example of three well-known problems: 1) light passing through the transparent plane-parallel plate at an angle of incidence exceeding the critical angle of total internal reflection, 2) the formation of a refracted wave
in the region of total internal reflection from a semi-infinite medium and 3) radiationless transport of energy between excited and unexcited atoms.
In particular, it is necessary to ensure that in the deviations from the exact Bragg condition the wave field transfers to the conventional form of the refracted wave
, propagating in the crystal as in a continuum.
For the normal incidence, both the refracted wave
The wave vector of the refracted wave
can be calculated by using Snell's Law of refraction.
gr], we know that the refracted wave
excited at point A is LH- and the one excited at point B is RH+.
Since the WH method requires the travel-time curve of refracted wave
to be continuous with decreasing derivatives, a smoothing of the observed travel-time values is practically always needed.
During the scattering, the incident waves will separate into reflected waves and refracted waves
, and the wave types will interconvert during scattering.
The created seismic waves propagate through the subsurface layers, and the direct and refracted waves
are recorded by sensitive geophones.
The breakwater creates refracted waves
from the breakwater wall.
The direction and magnitude of the reflected and refracted waves
are treated separately in the half-space case and the 2-layered case is treated by formulating each bounce the incident wave undergoes to compute reflection and transmission coefficients.
Geologic structures refracted waves
that normally would have passed to the east or west of San Francisco and Oakland, funneling the vibrations so that they hit the metropolitan region.
Consequently, we should rather prefer the interpretation in terms of refracted waves