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A second infection after recovery from an earlier infection with the same kind of organism.



a second infection of a human or animal with the pathogen of an infectious disease. Reinfection is distinguished from the exacerbation of a disease after an apparent recovery, which is important in determining the medical methods used at the source of an epidemic.

References in periodicals archive ?
Newman concluded, noting that partner services, including expedited partner therapy, and high-intensity behavioral counseling have been shown to reduce reinfection rates.
Caption: Because gonorrhea is asymptomatic, it is likely these findings underestimate the incidence of gonorrhea infection and reinfection.
Among 145 men whose initial infection could be documented as their first-ever HCV infection, the overall reinfection rate was 8.
Hepatitis C virus reinfection incidence and treatment outcome among HIV-positive MSM.
Similar to Vancouver, we observed a significant increase in reinfections in 1996-2007 versus 1988-1995 that coincides with an increase in STIs.
30,31,35,36) The fact that an increase in reinfections did not parallel trends in associated complications suggests that frequent infections are not as damageable to reproductive health as long-lasting untreated infections.
Recurrence of HIV-related tuberculosis in an endemic area may be due to relapse or reinfection.
Use of molecular techniques to distinguish between treatment failure and exogenous reinfection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
To assess the incidence of and risk factors for a first reinfection with gonorrhea, researchers analyzed data on 8,327 heterosexually active individuals aged 12 or older who visited the two clinics between January 1994 and October 1998, and who had at least one visit during which genital gonorrhea infection was diagnosed by culture.
Between 1994 and 1998, the proportion of clinic visits for gonorrhea infection that were due to reinfection increased significantly (from 19% to 21%), and the average age at initial infection among individuals who became reinfected decreased significantly (from 28 to 23 years).
New infection and reinfection rates following treatment were also investigated.
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether ethnicity is a factor in adolescent females' STD infection and reinfection rates.