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A second infection after recovery from an earlier infection with the same kind of organism.



a second infection of a human or animal with the pathogen of an infectious disease. Reinfection is distinguished from the exacerbation of a disease after an apparent recovery, which is important in determining the medical methods used at the source of an epidemic.

References in periodicals archive ?
In a retrospective review of 99 patients undergoing two-stage revision, there were no difference in reinfection rates between patients with shortterm (1 week of postoperative IV antibiotic administration) and longterm (standard 4 to 6 weeks of antibiotic treatment) IV antibiotic treatment with an average follow-up of 43 months.
The primary outcomes of the study were duration of treatment and reinfection or death in the first month of life, with a secondary outcome of length of hospital stay.
Since gonorrhea is often asymptomatic, and since a history of infections prior to 2000 was unavailable, it is likely that these findings underestimate the incidence of gonorrhea infection and reinfection, Mr.
Cumulative HCV reinfection incidence was 33% within 2 years.
The hybridization pattern of his second isolate was distinct from his first isolate at multiple loci of the genome, which indicated reinfection with a different strain of G.
9,13,15,18) These results support the Canadian recommendation to increase screening of young males, the hidden reservoir; this specific measure is regarded as a promising strategy to reduce infections and reinfections among young females.
Overall, four of every 100 individuals became reinfected per year, and half of these reinfections occurred within one year of the initial infection.
Although primary infection is usually most severe, reinfection throughout life is common [4].
Infections that recur with an origin outside of the urinary tract are considered reinfections and account for 95% of recurrent infections.
STD reinfections are particularly serious because they increase susceptibility to HIV (Rosenberg & Gollub, 1992).
While combating network worms, reinfections, vulnerabilities, and system damage, customers continue to suffer business disruption, so the demand for more sophisticated threat prevention methods increases," said Steve Chang, CEO and founder of Trend Micro Inc.