The b parameter quantifies bias or systematic preference for one response option independent of the reinforcement ratio
has no significant influence on the total strain in the initial two stages.
Vertical reinforcement consisted of 6 pairs of 10mm steel bars spaced at 280mm, providing a reinforcement ratio
The specimens were reinforced with three 10 mm bars, resulting in tensile reinforcement ratio
However, it is important to note that a long-term deflection increment depended on the longitudinal reinforcement ratio
growing with the increased cross-section of FRP reinforcement (Mias et al.
In the current study the percentage of the light filler and the matrix to reinforcement ratio
were considered as design variables.
They predicted that the growth of diagonal crack widths depends upon the reinforcement ratio
, orientation of placement and on bond characteristics.
The members were wrapped in a fabric and the reinforcement ratio
was probably very high so that the wood core was neglected in their analytical model.
Tests of 28 deep beams were carried out by Zielinski and Rigotti (1995) in order to define the maximum carrying capacity and rational reinforcement ratio
for structures such as deep beam, corbels and dapped-end beam.
The analysed beams were divided into groups according to the type of reinforcement, the reinforcement ratio
, the strength of concrete and the ratio of reinforcement and concrete modulus of elasticity as shown in Figure 3.
cr,lim]/h, reinforcement ratio
[rho] and other parameters of a normal crack.
The basis for the flexural strength design methodology of concrete member with non-metallic reinforcement is the balanced reinforcement ratio