Also found in: Dictionary, Financial.
repeated or supplementary investment in a given sector of the economy or in a given country using capital derived from profits. The term “reinvestment” is usually used with respect to foreign capital.
Reinvestment came to be practiced widely by the capitalist monopolies after World War II (1939–45) with the collapse of the colonial system of imperialism and the development of regional integration. Its purposes were to circumvent various forms of prohibition on the import of capital into a country or a region or to avoid payment of taxes levied in connection with the transfer of profits abroad.
Reinvestment by foreign companies in the developing countries is one of the newest methods of neocolonialism. Such reinvestment makes it difficult for the government of the developing country to monitor the movement of foreign capital, especially when the capital is reinvested in locally owned firms and enterprises.
Reinvestment by foreign companies in the developed capitalist countries is usually practiced to circumvent protectionist barriers and penetrate regional economic associations. This practice is pursued by American companies operating in the Common Market countries. The companies are trying by reinvestment to enter the European market and receive the same privileges there as the local companies.
International corporations, which have large networks of branches, joint companies, and licensing agreements to restrict certain geographic zones of the market to a particular corporation, hold a special place in the practice of reinvestment. Inroads are made into a foreign market by building new enterprises or buying up local firms. In many cases, 25 percent of the necessary capital is taken from the reinvestment funds of the parent company, 50 percent from the reinvestment funds of its branches, and 25 percent from loans on the international loancapital markets.
G. G. MATIUKHIN