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(1) The return of emigrants to their country of origin with the restoration of citizenship. Repatriation of emigrants is provided for, for example, by an ukase issued on Oct. 19, 1946, by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, which states that persons of Armenian nationality returning from abroad to their homeland in Soviet Armenia are recognized as citizens of the USSR from the moment of their arrival in the USSR.

(2) The return to the homeland of prisoners of war and civilians who find themselves outside their country as a result of military actions. According to Article 109 of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 on the treatment of prisoners of war during periods of armed conflict, belligerent countries must return to the homeland severely ill or wounded prisoners of war, regardless of their rank or numbers, as soon as they are fit to travel.

After cessation of military operations, the belligerent countries are obligated to repatriate unconditionally prisoners of war. Those not subject to repatriation include persons who are severely ill and persons who have committed crimes or are serving terms in accordance with a previous court sentence.

References in periodicals archive ?
Global Assignments: Successfully expatriating and repatriating international managers.
A blue-ribbon government-sponsored panel called Tuesday for global efforts to exert pressure on China to refrain from forcibly repatriating North Korean refugees and to strengthen measures to protect them.
taxes on their overseas earnings; see Gonzalez, "Q&A: Repatriating Foreign Earnings through the American Jobs Creation Act," July 2005, at http://corp.
Second, there is a reluctance on the part of repatriating managers and their spouses to accept a second overseas assignment--not because of the difficulty in having to adjust to the overseas assignment in the first place but because of the difficulty in returning.
Today museums across the country are inventorying and repatriating thousands of bones and funeral objects held in their collections.
But Marbles Reunited spokesman Freddie New said: ``The former Museums and Galleries Commission,now known as Resource,issued guidelines on good practice and they stated that repatriating artefacts should be considered on a case-by-case basis.
The NIS said it will submit a list of those detained to international human rights organizations and NGOs in requesting their help in repatriating them.
17 /PRNewswire/ -- An agreement was reached between the National Commercial Bank (NCB) and the Federal Reserve aimed at facilitating the process of closing NCB's New York branch and repatriating the branch's excess liquidity back to head office after it had paid all its depositors.