Repatriation

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Repatriation

 

(1) The return of emigrants to their country of origin with the restoration of citizenship. Repatriation of emigrants is provided for, for example, by an ukase issued on Oct. 19, 1946, by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, which states that persons of Armenian nationality returning from abroad to their homeland in Soviet Armenia are recognized as citizens of the USSR from the moment of their arrival in the USSR.

(2) The return to the homeland of prisoners of war and civilians who find themselves outside their country as a result of military actions. According to Article 109 of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 on the treatment of prisoners of war during periods of armed conflict, belligerent countries must return to the homeland severely ill or wounded prisoners of war, regardless of their rank or numbers, as soon as they are fit to travel.

After cessation of military operations, the belligerent countries are obligated to repatriate unconditionally prisoners of war. Those not subject to repatriation include persons who are severely ill and persons who have committed crimes or are serving terms in accordance with a previous court sentence.

References in periodicals archive ?
4 Kyodo Taiwan suggested Thursday repatriating next Tuesday nine Chinese nationals who hijacked aircraft from the mainland to Taiwan in the early 1990s, but China avoided giving a clear-cut response to the proposal.
The UNHCR started repatriating refugees from Phu Noi from Jan.
Schneider uncovered a revealing internal memo during discovery: "All risk to us seems to be associated with not repatriating the remains," it reads.
304 has become a popular vehicle for repatriating cash from a foreign subsidiary back into the United States without incurring any foreign withholding tax.
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I have been repatriating bodies of people who die in the UAE, for more than 30 years, and I took this responsibility after realising that most people, especially the labour community, finds it very difficult to complete the tedious paperwork.