Repatriation


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Repatriation

 

(1) The return of emigrants to their country of origin with the restoration of citizenship. Repatriation of emigrants is provided for, for example, by an ukase issued on Oct. 19, 1946, by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, which states that persons of Armenian nationality returning from abroad to their homeland in Soviet Armenia are recognized as citizens of the USSR from the moment of their arrival in the USSR.

(2) The return to the homeland of prisoners of war and civilians who find themselves outside their country as a result of military actions. According to Article 109 of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 on the treatment of prisoners of war during periods of armed conflict, belligerent countries must return to the homeland severely ill or wounded prisoners of war, regardless of their rank or numbers, as soon as they are fit to travel.

After cessation of military operations, the belligerent countries are obligated to repatriate unconditionally prisoners of war. Those not subject to repatriation include persons who are severely ill and persons who have committed crimes or are serving terms in accordance with a previous court sentence.

References in periodicals archive ?
Allan Pard's chapter similarly emphasizes that the most important thing "is not the repatriation itself, but the use" (p.
Also, the DBM noted that the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) and the Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA) will hasten the measures to provide funds amounting to P50-million and P800-million respectively to help in the repatriation.
Liz Bell reports on United Kingdom developments in repatriation in the early 2000s, documenting the increasing efforts by the government of the United Kingdom to consider the issues at hand, including the convening of the Human Remains Working Group, the clauses in the Human Tissue Act 2004 that removed any legal impediment to de-accessioning human remains that had previously existed for nine institutions, and the 2005 production of a guide for the care of human remains in museums.
Nearby RAF Lyneham in Wiltshire has been the official landing ground for repatriations since April 2007 when RAF Brize Norton was closed for runway repairs.
Even when UNHCR begins coordinating voluntary repatriation with a specified group of refugees, host-state obligations under the 1951 Refugee Convention may continue because the evidentiary requirements to mandate repatriation may be higher than the requirements necessary to support voluntary repatriation.
It said that UNHCR would help repatriation from voluntary repatriation centres at Azakhel, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Baleli, Balochistan.
3 million Afghan refugees have returned to Afghanistan under the UNHCR-facilitated voluntary repatriation programme since 2002.
Every Afghan refugee has the right to return to Afghanistan as long as his or her decision is well-informed and voluntary,' said Ruvendrini Menikdiwela, UNHCR Representative in Pakistan, adding that UNHCR continues to advocate that the repatriation of Afghan refugees needs to be voluntary, safe, gradual and carried out in a dignified manner.
The central bank data disclosed profit repatriation from foreign entities during January touched $141.
Afghan refugees:US averse to Pakistan's repatriation plan
The DFA said the repatriation of 610 Filipino workers being flown out of Kuwait today is also the biggest number to be flown home since it began its repatriation efforts nine days ago.
Highlighting the steps taken by government for repatriation of Afghan Refugees from the country during last four years, sources at States and Frontier Regions Division on Sunday said a comprehensive policy for Management and Repatriation of Afghan Refugees in Pakistan is also under consideration.