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Surgery the return of a broken or displaced organ, or part to its normal site



the replacement in normal position of sections of bone displaced in a fracture. Displacement, which may be lateral, lengthwise, or at an angle to the periphery, results from a traumatizing force and muscle contraction. Elimination of the displacement by means of reposition is the basis of the treatment of fractures. The principle followed in reposition is the alignment of the peripheral section of bone along the axis of the central section.

Reposition may be closed (no incision is made) or open (a surgical incision is made). Open reposition is indicated when soft tissue is imprisoned between pieces of bone. Bones are repositioned manually, with instruments, or by means of skeletal or skin traction. Manual reposition, performed by a surgeon and one or two assistants, involves visual and tactile control. Traction, during which a pulling force causes all the principal muscle groups to relax uniformly, is used with fractures of the spine, pelvis, and long tubular bones, especially when there are major displacements. Reposition is performed under local or general anesthesia. Its results depend on the type and location of the fracture and the patient’s overall condition.

References in periodicals archive ?
Norwegian Cruise Line will reposition three of its ships: the Dreamward from the Caribbean to Bermuda on April 13, sailing from Ft.
Orient Line's "Australia and the Java Sea" cruise repositions the Marco Polo from the South Pacific to Southeast Asia in late April.
Since acquisition earlier this year, SL Green has signed five leases totaling 53,000 square feet at the property and has embarked on a major capital improvement program to reposition it.