reprisal


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reprisal,

in international law, the forcible taking, in time of peace, by one country of the property or territory belonging to another country or to the citizens of the other country, to be held as a pledge or as redress in order to satisfy a claim. A reprisal, technically, is not an act of war, because it is solely in response to conduct that violated international law. When, however, reprisals are taken against a power of equal strength, they may provoke war. The Covenant of the League of Nations and the Charter of the United Nations classify reprisals as acts endangering peace. Modern international law no longer recognizes private reprisal. This was the right of a private person to satisfy a legal claim against an alien by seizing property belonging to a person of the alien's nationality. The authority was contained in a letter of reprisal issued by the sovereign. Private reprisals all but disappeared by 1800, as the central authority of states grew stronger.

reprisal

(formerly) the forcible seizure of the property or subjects of one nation by another
References in classic literature ?
Reprisals were bitter, and many plutocrats and army officers were murdered.
A noble could kill a noble without ex- pense, as far as the law was concerned, but reprisals in kind were to be expected.
By way of reprisals upon the chevalier for the trick thus played him, du Bousquier, who had just created the journal called the "Courrier de l'Orne," caused the following notice to be inserted in it:--
Tunde Olayemi was murdered by suspected herdsmen and advised the people against reprisal.
DOEs Office of Enforcement conducted an investigation following a determination by the DOE Office of Hearing and Appeals (OHA) that SRNS subjected the employee to a reprisal prohibited under the Enhancement of Contractor Protection from Reprisal for Disclosure of Certain Information Act, Title 41 United State Code, Section 4712.
There's little substance to fears that US soldiers could be high-value targets for reprisal by Moro rebels, Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana told lawmakers on Wednesday, refuting the rationale for President Duterte's wish to see the pullout of the Americans from Mindanao.
Al-Muqdadiah, located in the northeast of Diyala, witnessed reprisal and arson attacks targeting mosques on January 11th in aftermath of an identical attack.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- US Ambassador to Turkey John Bass has said the US defends newspapers' right to print and report without fear of reprisal, after the pro-government Yeni Akit and Yeni E[currency]afak newspapers were simultaneously attacked with firearms early on Thursday.
As you might remember from a previous Diversity Notes, retaliation or reprisal (the technical term) is the most frequently alleged basis of discrimination each year.
Some of the bodies were mutilated and burnt by the assailants," he said, adding that the killings sparked reprisal attacks in the town by the mostly Muslim Seleka ex-rebel force.
There are no winners during reprisal, only Georgia is defeated.
An amendment to Title 10, United States Code, Section 2409, called, "Contractor Employees: Protection From Reprisal for Disclosure of Certain Information," expands whistleblower protections to employees of subcontractor firms that receive federal funds either from Pentagon contracts or grants.