reprisal


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reprisal,

in international law, the forcible taking, in time of peace, by one country of the property or territory belonging to another country or to the citizens of the other country, to be held as a pledge or as redress in order to satisfy a claim. A reprisal, technically, is not an act of war, because it is solely in response to conduct that violated international law. When, however, reprisals are taken against a power of equal strength, they may provoke war. The Covenant of the League of Nations and the Charter of the United Nations classify reprisals as acts endangering peace. Modern international law no longer recognizes private reprisal. This was the right of a private person to satisfy a legal claim against an alien by seizing property belonging to a person of the alien's nationality. The authority was contained in a letter of reprisal issued by the sovereign. Private reprisals all but disappeared by 1800, as the central authority of states grew stronger.

reprisal

(formerly) the forcible seizure of the property or subjects of one nation by another
References in periodicals archive ?
One form of reprisal is called per se reprisal, which one can easily commit without realizing it.
Marks to unlawful reprisals after he reported widespread corruption within the Tribe.
Frequently, subcontractor employees are in a position to report wrongdoing and they should have the same protection against reprisals that prime contractors do," said Michael Shanker, director of whistleblower reprisal investigations at the IG office.
Observatory chief Rami Abdel-Rahman told AFP earlier that Mekdad's father, who was not named, was seized "in reprisal for the arrest by regime forces of relatives of one of the armed men.
A Defense Ministry official dismissed concerns about the word ''reprisal,'' which could be viewed by North Korea as provocative, saying ''to designate reprisal day is meant to be ready to sternly repel any provocation, being a deterrent to any provocation.
A reprisal means deliberately killing civilians not participating in combat in order to pressure terrorists, in other words, a form of collective punishment.
My understanding is that German reprisal for French guerilla activity was taken against the wrong village, the culprit was in an adjoining valley.
5) Labeled a traitor by some members of his National Guard military unit and hometown community, SPC Darby feared retaliation and reprisal (6) and he was quickly taken out of Iraq.
The raid was a reprisal for a rocket attack that killed an Israeli student hours earlier.
Farmers can now give evidence about claimed mistreatment by supermarket giants without fear of reprisal, thanks to a system set up by the diocese of Worcester.
Finally, we should make orderly provisions for sanctuary, in this country or elsewhere, for the Iraqis who have stuck their necks out on our behalf and who fear reprisal.
The man at the head of a residents group on the estate where Sean Barwick was found brutally beaten said he fears reprisal attacks.