reredos


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reredos

(rēr`dŏs), ornamented wall or screen that rises behind the high altar of a church, forming a background for it. It may be placed against the apse wall at the extreme end or directly behind the altar, as in certain English churches where it serves to separate the choir and the retrochoir. Called dossal, or dorsal in its earliest form, it was a tapestry or a richly embroidered fabric suspended behind the altar. In the 11th and 12th cent. the reredos was generally a screen of gold, silver, or ivory adorned with sculptures in relief. It became a permanent architectural feature in the late Gothic in England and the Renaissance in Spain, where it was seen as a lofty decorative structure filling the entire width of the choir. Relief sculptures of the Passion and figures of angels and saints were enclosed by a rich framework of pilasters and pinnacles. Especially ornate were the marble and alabaster examples in Spain and those of polychromed and gilded wood in the baroque churches of Mexico. The reredos of Italy and Germany were primarily religious paintings within an architectural framework.

reredos

reredos
An ornamental screen or wall at the back of an altar.

reredos

a screen or wall decoration at the back of an altar, in the form of a hanging, tapestry, painting, or piece of metalwork or sculpture
References in periodicals archive ?
The reredos would be moved to an enlarged Lady Chapel among the proposals which the Victorian Society described as a damaging re-positioning of the church furnishings.
None the less, the much smaller English reredos Assumption panels which were produced by the alabaster workshops of Derbyshire and Nottingham throughout the fifteenth century, constitute valid iconographical parallels.
The author then guides a pilgrim in a walk around the typical parts of the traditional Catholic church, explaining the role (and consequently the structure and place) of the altar, the altar rail, the baldachin, the baptistry, the confessional, the facade, the gallery, the lectern, the narthex, the nave, the portal, the pulpit, the reredos, the rose window, the sanctuary, the tabernacle, etc.
The reredos was created in 1818 by a Boston sailor, in exchange for room and board.
A sequence of crucifixions leads from the Despenser reredos, the Berger crucifixion and a small late Saxon/early Norman pectoral cross to Elizabeth Frink's figure of Christ outstretched but unsupported by a cross for St Edmundsbury Cathedral (1984).
The volunteer-led Parochial Church Council (PCC) of St Cadoc will use the money to conserve the wall paintings as well as its carved timber reredos canopies and ornate wooden painted screens.
Mary's Cathedral, the magnificence on every surface, the golden stars on a heavenly nighttime blue-sky ceiling, the central crucifix, the reredos at the High Altar created by Veit Stoss between 1477 and 1489, produce a sense of beatific calm mixed with awe.
And the protected status of the building has meant the altar and reredos must stay in place - a handsome extra for its listed timberwork.
HIGHLIGHTS include the Brides Window and remarkable Reredos carved in stone, and misericords in the choir stalls.
Craftsmen from villages set up booths and sell their juried crafts: buteos, colcha embroidery, furniture, reredos, straw inlay, and tinware.
Made at the French Ateliers Pinton--the workshop which wove the great tapestry at Coventry Cathedral --and designed by Maggie Hambling, the two panels for altar and reredos form a visual cycle of a wave breaking, one in darkness and one in light.