revolver


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revolver:

see small armssmall arms,
firearms designed primarily to be carried and fired by one person and, generally, held in the hands, as distinguished from heavy arms, or artillery. Early Small Arms

The first small arms came into general use at the end of the 14th cent.
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Revolver

 

an individual, multifiring, rifled handgun with a revolving cylinder-type magazine; designed to hit live targets at a maximum distance of 50 m.

The trigger mechanism of the revolver is connected to the mechanism that revolves the cylinder—when the hammer is cocked or the trigger squeezed, the cylinder turns so that the next bullet lines up with the revolver barrel. The matchlock and flintlock cylinder revolvers of the 16th to 19th centuries in which the cylinder was turned by hand did not become widespread. A practical solution for combining the trigger mechanism and the revolving cylinder was found and implemented in the revolver models of Collier, Marietta, and Shierk from 1810 to 1830. In 1835, S. Colt of the United States invented the percussion-type revolver with an improved percussion slide, which was adopted by many armies.

In the second half of the 19th century the Colt revolver was replaced by revolver models with quick-firing metallic fixed rounds and cylinder capacities of from four to 12 rounds. Revolvers were classified as military, police, civilian, and sport guns. The Russian Army adopted the Smith & Wesson 1871, 1874, and 1880 revolver models, which in the late 19th century were replaced by the Nagant 1895 model. With the appearance and development of automatic pistols, military revolvers were gradually declared obsolete by armies in the first half of the 20th century.

revolver

[ri′väl·vər]
(navigation)
The pair of horizontal angles between three points, as observed at any place on the circle defined by the three points; this is the one situation in which such angles do not establish a fix. Also known as swinger.
(ordnance)
A firearm with a cylinder of several chambers so arranged as to revolve on an axis and be discharged in succession by the same lock.
References in classic literature ?
Fogg thought he even heard the crack of revolvers mingling in the din, the rout approached the stairway, and flowed over the lower step.
said the slender lady, and she gave my brother her revolver.
I placed my revolver, cocked, upon the top of the wooden case behind which I crouched.
For at the last moment I had tucked my revolver behind my back, not only for the pleasure, but for the obvious advantage of getting them all in front of me and off their guard.
Without waiting to rise he whipped a revolver from his pocket, firing point blank at the great mountain of muscle towering before him; but, quick as he was, John Clayton was almost as quick, so that the bullet which was intended for the sailor's heart lodged in the sailor's leg instead, for Lord Greystoke had struck down the captain's arm as he had seen the weapon flash in the sun.
Ibex and musk-sheep fell before my good old revolver, so that I lacked not for food in the higher altitudes.
He fingered the butt of the revolver at his hip, his eyes narrowed and his brows contracted.
The woman had found a revolver in a table drawer in the room in which she had been locked, and now she kept the mate of the Kincaid at bay with the weapon.
It was with difficulty that von Horn persuaded the man to return with him to the campong, but finally, he consented to do so when the doctor with drawn revolver, presented death as the only alternative.
In the half-open drawer by his side was the barrel of a loaded revolver.
Thomson, who quite unconsciously had drawn a revolver from his pocket, shot him through the heart, watched him jump up and fall, a senseless, shapeless heap upon the bottom of the steps, and, with a queer instinct of bloodthirstiness, ran down the line of the wrecked Zeppelin, seeking for more victims.
You wouldn't dare use the revolver if you were compelled to.