Rhinovirus


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Related to Rhinovirus: adenovirus

Rhinovirus

A genus of the family Picornaviridae. Members of the human rhinovirus group include at least 113 antigenically distinct types. Like the enteroviruses, the rhinoviruses are small (17–30 nanometers), contain ribonucleic acid (RNA), and are not inactivated by ether. Unlike the enteroviruses, they are isolated from the nose and throat rather than from the enteric tract, and are unstable if kept under acid conditions (pH 3–5) for 1–3 h. Rhinoviruses have been recovered chiefly from adults with colds and only rarely from patients with more severe respiratory diseases. See Common cold

In a single community, different rhinovirus types predominate during different seasons and during different outbreaks in a single season, but more than one type may be present at the same time.

Although efforts have been made to develop vaccines, none is available. Problems that hinder development of a useful rhinovirus vaccine include the short duration of natural immunity even to the specific infecting type, the large number of different antigenic types of rhinovirus, and the variation of types present in a community from one year to the next. See Animal virus, Picornaviridae, Virus classification

Rhinovirus

 

one of a group of small RNA viruses of the picornavirus family. Rhinoviruses reproduce in the cells of the nasopharyngeal mucosa, causing an inflammatory disease of the upper respiratory tract. There are many different rhinoviral serotypes, which makes it difficult to control outbreaks of acute respiratory diseases.

rhinovirus

[¦rīn·ə′vī·rəs]
(virology)
A subgroup of the picornavirus group including small, ribonucleic acid-containing forms which are not inactivated by ether.
References in periodicals archive ?
Isn't it likely that knowing that the patient has a rhinovirus infection might derail your diagnostic process short of a full consideration?
89 collection, median (range) * BP, Bordetella pertussis; EV, enterovirus; IQR, interquartile range; NA, not applicable; RPP, respiratory pathogen panel; RV, rhinovirus.
Molecular epidemiological study of human rhinovirus species A, B and C from patients with acute respiratory illnesses in Japan.
Human rhinovirus C associated with wheezing in hospitalised children in the Middle East.
7-9,10) Human rhinovirus is the most common respiratory virus identified in patients with respiratory infection and has been shown to result in increased symptoms and longer hospital stays.
The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Rhinovirus Infection
They compared the immune response to rhinovirus when cells were incubated at 37 degrees Celsius, or core body temperature, and at the cooler 33 degrees Celsius.
Using a rhinovirus adapted for use in laboratory rats, researchers discovered that infected cells in mouse airways produced fewer antiviral defense molecules when grown at nose temperature rather than at body temperature.
The children with a cold were almost six-times more likely to have rhinovirus in their noses compared to the controls.
The "missing link" cold virus, rhinovirus C is believed to be responsible for up to half of all childhood colds, and is a serious complicating factor for respiratory conditions such as asthma.
A combination of influenza A, rhinovirus, and bacterial pneumonia--not avian influenza or a novel coronavirus--caused a cluster of serious respiratory illnesses that struck southeastern Alabama, according to state public health officials.
A combination of influenza A, rhinovirus, and bacterial neumonia--not avian influenza or a novel coronavirus--caused a cluster of serious respiratory illnesses that struck southeastern Alabama, according to state public health officials.