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a mineral of the silicate class with the chemical formula CaMn4[Si5O15]. Natural rhodonites contain 30–46 percent MnO, 4-6.5 percent CaO, and 45-48 percent SiO2, with admixtures of FeO (up to 12 percent), Zn (fowlerite), Mg, and Al. Rhodonite crystallizes in the triclinic system. The structure of the crystal lattice is represented by complex chains of two repeating diorthogroups of Si2O7 connected by SiO4 tetrahedrons, between which MnO6 and CaO6 octahedrons are distributed. Tabular and prismatic crystals are rarely found; granular and dense masses are usual. The mineral is rose-red and has a vitreous luster. It has a hardness of 5.5-6 on Mohs’ scale and a density of 3,400-3,750 kg/m3.
Rhodonite is a low-temperature mineral in hydrothermal and contact-metamorphic formations that are rich in manganese oxides and is associated with bustamite, rhodochrosite, tephroite, and manganese garnet. It is used as a face and ornamental stone. In the USSR, rhodonite deposits are found near Sverdlovsk in the Urals, where the mineral is called orlets. Other deposits are at Långban, Sweden; Conningham, Mass., USA; and Xonotla, Mexico.