riddle


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riddle,

puzzling question, specifically one that consists of a fanciful description or definition of something to be guessed. A famous riddle was asked by the Sphinx: "What goes on four legs in the morning, on two at noon, on three at night?" OedipusOedipus
, in Greek legend, son of Laius, king of Thebes, and his wife, Jocasta. Laius had been warned by an oracle that he was fated to be killed by his own son; he therefore abandoned Oedipus on a mountainside.
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 guessed the answer correctly: "Man—in infancy he crawls, at his prime he walks, in age he leans on a staff." Samson's riddle is also famous: "Out of the eater came forth meat, and out of the strong came forth sweetness" (Judges 14.14). It refers to a lion he had just killed, on which he saw bees and honey; he ate some of the lion and the honey. Punning riddles are common, as: "When is a door not a door?" The answer is, "When it's ajar." There is comparatively little riddle literature, but riddles do figure prominently in Old English. The Exeter Book contains many English verse riddles of uncertain date; they vary considerably in matter. There are also many riddles in Latin hexameters dating from Anglo-Saxon England.

Bibliography

See A. Taylor, English Riddles from Oral Tradition (1951); H. H. Abbott, ed., The Riddles of the Exeter Book (1968).

Riddle

 

a genre of folk poetry common to all nations; the poetic, often metaphorical description of an object or occurrence.

In antiquity the riddle had religious significance and pertained to popular superstitions and rites that prohibited calling objects by their names. With time the riddle acquired predominantly aesthetic and cognitive importance. It began serving as a test of wit. Riddles are distinguished by the variety of themes and wealth of artistic devices; inherent in them are compositional precision, rhyme, rhythm, and sound effects. Riddles often contain a humorous element that has social significance—for example, “The priest is short, the vestments many” (a cabbage: Stoit pop nizok, na nem sto rizok). Riddles have been widely incorporated into other genres of folklore, as well as into literature.

REFERENCES

Anikin, V. P. Russkie narodnye poslovitsy, zagadki i detskiifol’klor. Moscow, 1957.
Mitrofanova, V. “Sovremennoe sostoianie russkikh narodnykh zagadok.” In the collection Sovremennyi russkiifol’klor. Moscow, 1966.
Mitrofanova, V. Zagadki. Moscow, 1968.

riddle

[′rid·əl]
(design engineering)
A sieve used for sizing or for removing foreign material from foundry sand or other granular materials.

riddle

A sieve, esp. a coarse one for sand.

riddle

a sieve, esp a coarse one used for sand, grain, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
As Riddle 60 expands the bare outlines of "Arundo," multiplying the three lines of the Latin into a dramatic monologue of seventeen, the identity of the speaker appears to change as well.
After this exchange, the teller asks the riddle and the receiver tries to interpret it.
We decided to use this concluding formula in order to maintain the dialogic tone of the riddle and establish a procedure or fixed ritual in the same way as watuchi or Quechua riddles that we commented on previously.
Cyclic, or dualistic, linked to the seasons and exemplified in one of Plutarch's answers to the riddle of E at Apollo's temple in Delphi;
Two thousand dollars for four riddles seemed pretty good at the time.
Riddle was a distinguished member of biological societies in England, France, India, South America, and the United States.
William Carroll's essay looks at how both riddles and puns in the plays figure female sexuality as "linguistic transgression" (15) and ties several plays' language about female sexuality to gynecological texts from the period.
Tests found Riddle, who has no previous convictions, had 127 micrograms of alcohol in 100ml of breath, nearly four times the legal limit of 35 micrograms.
Gordon Riddle (56) was sentenced to three months in prison and banned from driving for three years after admitting dangerous driving and driving with excess alcohol on the M4 in south Wales.
Gordon Riddle, 56, admitted dangerous driving and driving with excess alcohol on the M4 on November 5.
Riddle, of Ammanford, west Wales, eventually stopped his car and was arrested.
Riddle eventually stopped and when an officer asked him what he was doing, he put his arms in the air and said ``I don't know''.