Louis Riel

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Riel, Louis

(lwē rēĕl`), 1844–85, Canadian insurgent, leader of two rebellions, b. Manitoba, of French and Métis parentage. In 1869–70 he led the rebels of the Red River settlements, mainly Métis (people of mixed European–indigenous descent) and indigenous peoples, who felt that their rights were threatened by the transfer (1869) of the Hudson's Bay Company territory to Canada. When the government dispatched (1870) troops to face the rebels, the Red River Rebellion collapsed, and Riel fled the country. In that year, under the Manitoba Act, the Red River settlements were accorded a provincial government. Riel returned to Canada and was elected to the House of Commons, but was expelled (1874) and declared an outlaw (1875). In 1884 he returned to lead a group of indigenous people and Métis who were bent on securing titles to their lands in Saskatchewan. The uprising ended with an engagement (1885) at Batoche. He was captured, tried for treason, and hanged.

Riel, Louis

 

Born Oct. 23, 1844, in St. Boniface; died Nov. 16, 1885, in Regina. A figure in the Canadian national democratic movement.

In October 1869, Riel led an uprising in the Red River valley and became secretary of the National Committee of Métis, which directed the struggle of farmers against encroachments on their lands by the federal authorities. In December 1869 the rebelling farmers elected Riel president of the provisional government. In August 1870 a punitive expedition suppressed the rebellion. Riel emigrated to the USA.

The people of the province of Manitoba, which had come into being in 1870 as a result of the uprising, elected Riel to the Canadian parliament three times between 1873 and 1874, but he was not permitted to take his seat. In March 1885, Riel headed an uprising of métis settlers and Indians in the Saskatchewan River valley against the railroad companies and representatives of the federal authorities. In July 1885 the rebellion was suppressed, and Riel was hanged in accordance with a court sentence.

O. S. SOROKO

References in periodicals archive ?
It's not difficult for the central bank to intervene the riel proportion is small in the economy [compared to the dollar]," he said.
Meanwhile, Riel's military commander, Gabriel Dumont, retreated to Montana where he tried to reunite the Metis forces and rescue Riel.
While Goldring singles out Riel, not mentioned are historical figures like William Lyon Mackenzie and Louis Joseph Papineau, who also led armed rebellions to fight for responsible government.
An agreement between Parks Canada and the Louis Riel Institute will see the institute provide educational programs for students and tours for visitors at Riel House National Historic Site in 2013.
Also missing with Jan Riel were Leovigildo Porras, Randy Tamparong, Richard Padernilla and Junjie Gomez.
Goldring's newsletter came out the month after a private member's bill was introduced calling for Riel's treason conviction to be overturned and Riel to be formally recognized as a Father of Confederation.
Another reason would be to make Louis Riel into a national figurehead that Metis across Canada can rally around (much like many Eastern tribes have pictures of Sitting Bull and Geronimo as symbols of Native pride, even if these tribes are not Sioux or Apache.
Teillet said her connection to Louis Riel is something that many Canadians find surprising.
An international call using Net2phone costs 500 riel ($0.
This work is offered as the testimony of what Riel might have said at his 1885 trial if he had testified.
Most important are Dumont's recollections of Louis Riel and Riel's voice.