Indeed it was this near-dependence of the transport sector on ox-wagon transport that facilitated the rapid spread of the rinderpest
once it had crossed the Zambesi.
Differentiation of rinderpest
and peste des petitsruminants viruses using specific cDNA clones.
2 million (Serneels and Lambin 2001a) as a result of the rinderpest
release, which reduced the vulnerability of grazing ungulates to the disease.
Detection and differentiation of rinderpest
and peste des petits ruminants viruses in diagnostic and experimental samples by polymerase chain reaction using P and F gene-specific primers.
The measles virus probably descended from the ancestors of the modern canine distemper and/or rinderpest
viruses, a process which may be dated back to the Epipalaeolithic Age (approximately 10 000 BC), when man started domesticating dogs and cattle in the Middle East.
Yet the dramaturgy of death depicted by Stannard highlights how generational relations hinged on norms of emotional avoidance and beliefs in evil pollution, crucial undercurrents affecting Zulu responses to the 1890s rinderpest
epizootic, the first of three lethal epidemics sketched below.
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), that oversees the Global Rinderpest
Eradication Programme sent veterinarian Dr William Taylor to assess compliance towards the Office Internationale des Epizooties (OIE) protocol.
For example, fears of contagion focused on sleeping sickness, to which many wild species were immune, and on rinderpest
or cattle plague, which had demonstrably been introduced to both India and Africa by European cattle, subsequently decimating indigenous bovines, deer, and antelopes.
In fact, Horn recently told a group of terrorism experts that world livestock is vulnerable to a host of debilitating ailments, including rinderpest
, lumpy skin disease, bluetongue virus, and African horse-sickness.
Are we to build "cattle" dips for the buffalo and wildebeest, the carriers of some of the most deadly stock diseases such as East Coast Fever (buffalo), Anthrax (buffalo and all warm-blooded animals), Rinderpest
(buffalo and other wild fauna), Foot and Mouth disease (nearly all ruminants), the lethal Malignant Catarrh (Wildebeest) and Trypanosomiasis (nearly all wild animals)?
It contains numerous fascinating examples of invasions, like classic studies on starlings, muskrat, house finch, gypsy moth, cheatgrass, rinderpest
Effective 1 January 1927, the directive banned the importation of fresh or frozen meat from "any region" in which either Foot-and-Mouth Disease or Rinderpest