rallentando

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rallentando

Music becoming slower

Rallentando

 

in musical notation, a term designating a smooth, gradual slowing of tempo. It is synonymous with ritardando and close in meaning to ritenuto.

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The essential difference here is that, in repeat 2, YQX introduces a strong (and very natural-sounding) ritardando towards the end, because of the approaching end of the first section of the piece.
The rhythmic flow is moderate and relatively constant, lacking the ritardando transitional moments; the dynamic character is rather subdued, at least by Taylor standards.
Mazullo is not content with merely paraphrasing the existing scholarship on such topics, but goes further to posit a link between such gestures as ritenuto (which he discovers has been used by Shostakovich as synonymous with ritardando and to denote a gradual rather than abrupt slowing) and tenuto, their structural roles, and their importance in precipitating a process of defamiliarization (p.
The tempo remains constant throughout with only a few areas of ritardando, and then quickly it returns to "tempo.
Many times, ritardando is combined with rubato until the regular tempo is restored.
Widely spaced chords in molto ritardando lead back to the reiteration of the connecting text ("To see a World"), followed again by the "eternity" motif that leads to the fourth musical pattern in the piano.
Chopin's music is filled with expressive markings that require the performer to make adjustments to the pulse: ritardando, accelerando, ritenuto, stretto and the like.
For many works, files are also available in three derivative formats: Humdrum, developed by David Huron of the Ohio State University, for complex analytical and comparative operations; MIDI1, intended for printing and analysis applications; and MIDI+, optimized for listening and teaching with realization of ornaments and repeats, observation of tempo indications such as accelerando and ritardando, and MIDI orchestrations that best approximate the sound of the original work.
The second movement also employs ritardando followed by a tempo--often a challenge for young pianists.
Authors divide rhythmic deviation into two categories: simple accelerando and ritardando, in which the singer and accompanist quicken or slow together, and actual tempo rubato, in which the accompanist maintains a firm, steady tempo, while the singer alters the speed and rhythm of the melodic line.
Anyway, thoughtful composers always indicate those places to be taken out of tempo through such markings as ritardando, rallentando, accelerando, etc.
They are also listening carefully in an attempt to match their partner's ritardando or accelerando.