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Related to roasting: baking


see cookingcooking,
the process of using heat to prepare foods for consumption.

Many common cooking methods involve the use of oil. Frying is cooking in hot oil; sautéing is cooking in a small amount of oil; stir-frying
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the process of preparing ores or ore concentrates for subsequent enrichment, nodulizing, or smelting. Roasting changes the physical properties or chemical composition of ore, converts the useful components into extractable form, and removes impurities. The temperature to which the ore is heated depends on the specific ore and on the purpose of roasting.

Iron ore can be subjected to a magnetizing roast, which is usually reductive and converts iron oxides into the magnetic form for subsequent enrichment; this process is carried out in reverberatory kilns, shaft furnaces, or fluidized bed furnaces. Oxidative roasting is used to remove sulfur, carbon dioxide from carbonates, and moisture from hydrates. The extent of industrial roasting of ferrous ores is limited.

Roasting in nonferrous metallurgy sometimes uses reactive additives and can be distillative, oxidative, oxidative-reductive, calcining, sulfatizing, or chloridizing. These types of roasting serve many purposes, including the distillative removal of useful components in the form of gaseous products, the conversion of such components into oxides, the removal of carbon dioxide from carbonates, the oxidation of sulfides to sulfates, and the formation of readily soluble or volatile chlorides. Nonferrous ores are roasted in different kinds of furnaces, including hearth smelting furnaces, tube furnaces, and fluidized bed furnaces.


References in periodicals archive ?
To prepare a chicken for roasting, remove giblets and neck from the chicken cavity, rinse the chicken inside and out with cold running water, pat dry with paper towels, pull off all the excess fat, and season it all over with salt (any kind) and freshly ground pepper.
The "practice" of roasting combines skill and experience on various machines, with a knowledge of many other variables, including acceptable time and temperature frames, bean colors, uniformity among all the beans as well as within a bean, and consistency of the original green bean properties from different sources.
An essential technique in many global cuisines, the flavorful benefits of roasting are becoming more broadly appreciated by American cooks, thanks to the popularity of cooking shows, chef-inspired recipes and international dishes.
Profile roasting is the harnessing of technology to improve our craft roasting potential by creating a roast data profile, and using the information from the profile to effect positive change in the coffee beverage by changing the way the roasting process applies heat to the coffee.
If you know more guests will prefer dark meat than white, consider buying extra parts and roasting them in a separate pan.
Schneider founded the Rockwall, TX, coffee shop and roasting business less than one year ago after returning from military duty in Iraq, with no prior coffee roasting experience or formal training.
With the option package, roastmasters can achieve roasting results that range from light to Italian-Espresso-like and French-Roast or even very dark.
Understanding this array of gross and subtle aromatic and flavor variations of each specific coffee, and relating those to the selection of roaster controls in order to maximize virtues, minimize faults and achieve repeatable desired results, is the essence of the art of roasting.
Heat roasting pan over medium-high heat; add all vegetables except snow and sugar snap peas and beets and lightly season with salt and pepper.
established in 1984, is a coffee roasting and wholesale company based in Berkeley, California.