rural-urban continuum

rural-urban continuum

the conception that, rather than a simple contrast between rural and urban communities, there exists a gradation of types of community, in terms of their size, density of population, extent of division of labour, isolation, sense of community solidarity, rates of social change, etc. The concept was introduced in the 1920s by SOROKIN and Zimmerman. Later REDFIELD relabelled the concept folk-urban continuum, but with the same basic notion. The notion is useful, since it is clear that the contrast between rural and urban communities varies greatly between societies and at different times. Historically, for example, the contrast was greater than in present-day Britain, where most rural communities exist in close relation with towns and are permeated by urban values. Compare GEMEINSCHAFT AND GESELLSCHAFT; see also FOLK SOCIETY.
References in periodicals archive ?
The health impacts of environmental quality may both result from and differ across the rural-urban continuum.
Distribution of Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities Across the Rural-Urban Continuum.
The 2013 Rural-Urban Continuum Codes (RUCC) were used to determine the degree of urbanization and adjacency to a metropolitan area (U.
It has therefore become indispensible for the developmental policy makers to analyze the process of urbanization along a rural-urban continuum, based on a broad range of indicators.
Factors influencing the intensification of farming systems and soil-nutrient management in the rural-urban continuum of SW Ghana.
They use the 2003 USDA-ERS rural-urban continuum codes, and county level measures of establishments that have fewer than five employees based on the 2007 County Business Patterns data and non-employer counts from the Census Bureau's Non-employer Statistics.
The ARF's rural-urban continuum codes from USDA ERS (2012) were used to produce designations for rural location.
A county was operationalized as either rural or urban according to USDA's Economic Research Service (ERS) Rural-Urban Continuum Codes (RUCCs) (USDA 2012).
This is the same general approach used in other rural-urban classification systems, such as Beale Codes and the USDA's rural-urban continuum codes that assign a score on a scale of 1 to 9 to all U.
To determine the rurality of respondents, we cross-referenced respondents' reported zip codes with the Rural-Urban Continuum Codes for 2003.
277) This practice ignores what is really a rural-urban continuum, ranging from the most isolated, sparsely populated and impoverished places, to exurbia, suburbia, and inner cities--with many places in between.