This concern is especially true in areas invaded by exotic saltcedar and Russian olive
, where foraging on cottonwoods and willows could cause ecological release that promotes the invasive species (Lesica and Miles, 2004; Mortenson et al.
A full examination of ecological effects and natural history of Russian olive
is outside the scope of this article.
These qualities contrast with the surrounding open sagebrush flats, or the dense stands of Russian Olive
, willows, and cattails nearby.
There were no woods close to the field, but along one side was a deep drainage ditch lined with Russian olive
2009) showed that exotic woody species were numerically dominant throughout the study area and formed much of the woody understory, with Russian olive
The sight of the trashy whitetail buck stalling in the shadows of the Russian olives
gave me a jolt, like I had walked into an electric fence.
A monster buck was following the same trail that the three pointer had traveled, and when the big buck stepped behind the last of the Russian olives
, I drew my bow and waited.
Ignoring the ladies, who were, in fact, responsible for tormenting her into a red-eyed rage, the sow chased me up a small Russian olive
tree while my cousins laughed hysterically, pelted me with dried cow pies and made ribald comments about my manhood.
Floods used to bring seed of native plants down from upstream," Savage explains, heading into a knot of Russian olive
trees, "but we have channeled the river.
Has: buttercup, butternut, hubbard squashes; miniature lavender iris; available next year: prickly pear cactus, Russian olive
, wild soapstone yucca, white yarrow, purple coneflower
These factors contributed to changes in vegetation along many regulated rivers, including the spread of nonnative trees and shrubs such as saltcedar (Tamarix) and Russian olive
(Elaeagnus angustifolia; Howe and Knopf, 1991; Molles, 1998; Stromberg, 2001; Shafroth et al.
Before I could shoot, he stepped behind some dense Russian olive
shrubs 17 yards away.