sail

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sail:

see sailingsailing,
as a sport, the art of navigating a sailboat for recreational or competitive purposes. Racing Classes

There is no single "yacht type" of boat, rather many types that include sloops, yawls, catamarans, and ketches.
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Sail

 

(of a vessel), a flexible panel or sheet of canvas or some other material, used to convert wind energy into propulsion energy. The wind exerts direct pressure when it blows at right angles to the sail or creates aerodynamic lift when the airflow moves along the sail. Sails are distinguished according to shape as square sails, which may be rectangular or in the form of an equilateral trapezoid, and fore-and-aft sails, which may be three-or four-cornered. Canvas sailcloth, synthetic fabrics, stiff matting, and other materials are used to make sails. Fully battened panels are used for the sails on junks. Each sail has its own name according to its position on the vessel. Sails are also used on iceboats.

sail

[sāl]
(naval architecture)
An article made of canvas and rope designed to be spread on spars in such a manner as to utilize the power of the wind in driving a vessel.

Sail

[sāl]
(astronomy)

sail

1. an area of fabric, usually Terylene or nylon (formerly canvas), with fittings for holding it in any suitable position to catch the wind, used for propelling certain kinds of vessels, esp over water
2. a voyage on such a vessel
3. a vessel with sails or such vessels collectively
4. a ship's sails collectively
5. the conning tower of a submarine
6. in sail having the sail set
7. make sail
a. to run up the sail or to run up more sail
b. to begin a voyage
8. set sail
a. to embark on a voyage by ship
b. to hoist sail
9. under sail
a. with sail hoisted
b. under way
www.sailing.org

SAIL

(body, education)

SAIL

(language)

SAIL

(language)
An early system on the Larc computer.

[Listed in CACM 2(5):16, May 1959].
References in classic literature ?
On Sunday you and I will be around Benicia up to the very moment Demetrios's sail heaves into sight.
I guess it was the disappointment written on my face that made him desist; for I, also, had a pride in my boat- sailing abilities, and I was almost wild to get out alone with the big sail and go tearing down the Carquinez Straits in the wake of the flying Greek.
He lowered sail a couple of hundred yards out and set his customary fifty feet of rotten net.
The fishermen crowded around in a spirit of fun, and when I started to get up sail overwhelmed me with all sorts of jocular advice.
I waited to give Charley all the time I could, and I pretended dissatisfaction with the stretch of the sail and slightly shifted the small tackle by which the huge sprit forces up the peak.
I was right behind him all the time, and I dared to do whatever he did, even when he squared away before the wind and jibed his big sail over--a most dangerous trick with such a sail in such a wind.
But I was on my mettle, and never in all my life did I sail a boat better than on that day.
This allowed the sail to spill the wind, which was equivalent to taking off so much driving power, and of course I lost ground.
I was dripping wet, and even the sail was wet half-way up the after leech.
The huge sail, the howling wind, the driving seas, the plunging boat--I, a pygmy, a mere speck in the midst of it, was mastering the elemental strife, flying through it and over it, triumphant and victorious.
And then, mirabile dictu, between the piers, leaping from wave to wave as it rushed at headlong speed, swept the strange schooner before the blast, with all sail set, and gained the safety of the harbour.
And with our sail gone, no wind would help us, though, as if in derision at our plight, a steady breeze was now blowing.