Saintpaulia

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Related to saintpaulias: Saintpaulia ionantha

Saintpaulia

 

a genus of perennial herbs of the family Ges-neriaceae. The plants generally have a short, sometimes spreading stem and rosettes of succulent, downy, rounded leaves. The flowers are in dichasial inflorescences. The perianth is five-parted, and the calyx is symphyllous. The large corolla, which has a short tube, is violet, purple, pink, or white. The ovary is hairy. The fruit is an elongate capsule with tiny seeds.

There are about 12 species, distributed mainly in the mountain forests in tropical East Africa. The African violet (S. ionantha) grows in Tanzania. Saintpaulia was first cultivated in Europe at the end of the 19th century and soon became a popular house plant. Flowering may occur almost year-round. The plants are easily propagated from leaf cuttings.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mr and Mrs Garland from Bradley have a small collection of saintpaulia (African violets) that do not seem to be performing very well and would like to know what the ideal conditions are for them.
All saintpaulias need bright light all year but not direct sunshine in summer because it can cause yellowish patches to appear on the leaves.
Saintpaulias are fairly trouble-free but are occasionally attacked by aphids or mealy bugs.