Ammodytidae

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Ammodytidae

 

a family of fishes of the order Perciformes. The elongated body, which reaches 36 cm in length, is somewhat laterally compressed and has numerous oblique folds that make it easier for the animal to burrow in the sand. The lower jaw is protruding. There are no pelvic fins, and the unpaired fins have no spiny rays. There are three genera, distributed in the northern parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and along the coasts of southern Africa. Representatives of all three genera are encountered in the waters of the USSR. The Pacific sand Iaunce (Ammodytes hexapterus) is commonly found in the Barents Sea and in the seas of the Far East. Gymnammodytes cicerellus dwells in the Black Sea, and Hyperoplus lanceolatus and Ammodytes tobianus are sometimes encountered in the Gulf of Finland and the Barents Sea. The fishes live in schools near the coast, usually inhabiting the sandy bottom. When in danger and at night, the fishes bury themselves in the sand. The fishes feed on planktonic crustaceans and fish fry. They deposit several thousands of small eggs, which adhere to the sand.

A. P. ANDREIASHEV and A. V. NEELOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The Pacific sand lance is a source of energy transfer between secondary producers and upper-trophic-level species and pelagic and benthic regions because it grazes on zooplankton in the water column and has an obligate affiliation with sediments.
There have been a number of studies characterizing the distribution and habitat use of Pacific Sand Lance in Alaska (Robards and others 1999b, 2002; Ostrand and others 2005; Johnson and others 2008) and British Columbia (Haynes and others 2007, 2008), but little is known about their population biology in the Salish Sea (Therriault and others 2009).
Managers and stakeholders have raised concerns about potential effects of geoduck aquaculture practices on forage fish spawning habitat, particularly Pacific sand lance (.
One otolith from a Pacific sand lance provided a length estimate of 15.
We propose the common name "Arctic sand lance," replacing the name "Pacific sand lance," which we assign to A.
In Fukushima prefecture there are restrictions on the distribution and consumption of sand lance fish.
TOKYO - Radioactive cesium 25 times above the legal limit for consumption was detected Wednesday in young sand lance caught off Fukushima Prefecture, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare said.
A report Sunday said a high level of caesium had been found in the sand lance, or konago, fish caught in Fukushima prefecture, where the stricken nuclear plant is located.
I know a lot of friends are getting their bucktail rigs, squid and sand lance ready to drift for them.
At the UCLA meeting, Barbara Nightingale of the University of Washington in Seattle described how several river-navigating fish species, including salmon, herring, and sand lance, gather under artificial lights that illuminate portions of their waterways.
Roseate chicks reared from Massachusetts to New York feed exclusively on American sand lance, a small eel-like fish, and often adults must fly great distances to find the favored food.
Species reviewed include the northern pink shrimp, Pandalus borealis; Pacific sand lance, Ammodytes hexapterus; Pacific herring, Clupea harengus pallasi; walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma (two articles discuss this species, separately, in the eastern Bering Sea and the Gulf of Alaska); market squid, Loligo opalescens; and Pacific halibut, Hippoglossus stenolepis.