sapote


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sapote

(səpō`tā), name for several Central American trees and their fruits. Sapotes, sweet and pulpy, are commonly seen in tropical markets and are usually eaten fresh, although some are also used in preserves, e.g., the green sapote (Ponteria viride or Calocarpum viride) and P. sapota or C. sapota, also called marmalade-plum. These and the yellow sapote (P. salicifolia or Lucuma salicifolia) are of the sapodilla family. The white sapote (Casimiroa edulis), of the rue family, has been introduced throughout the Caribbean area and is sometimes grown in S California. The various sapotes are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida. Ponteria (including Calocarpum and Lucuma) is classified in the order Ebenales, family Sapotaceae, Casimiroa in the order Sapindales, family Rutaceae.

Sapote

 

a common name for several plant species of the family Sapotaceae which are cultivated in the tropics for their edible fruits. The tree most commonly called sapote is Calocarpum sapota, an evergreen native to southern Mexico and measuring about 20 m tall. The flowers are white; the fruits are ovate and brown and reach a length of 20 cm. The flesh of the fruits is red and sweet. The oil from the seeds is used in medicine, and the wood is used in cabinetmaking. The sapodilla is sometimes called sapote.

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Nesting Plants BLCA (b) WCPI(c) Red mangrove (a) Rhizophora mangle 6 5 Black mangrove (a) Avicennia germinans 6 5 Buttonwood (a) Conocarpus erectus 6 5 Sapodilla, sapote Manilkara zapota 6 Gumbo limbo, red birch Bursera simaruba 5 Seagrape (a) Coccoloba uvifera 5 Black torch (f) Erithalis fruticosa 5 Poisonwood Metopium spp.
Several similar but botanically unrelated fruits are also called sapote, from the Aztec word tzapotl meaning "soft fruit.
We safeguard cacao, banana, and plantain, as well as sapodilla, mamey sapote, Spanish lime, tropical and temperate bamboo, and species of Annona and Garcinia," says Goenaga.
These fruits bear a striki ng similarity to members of the Ebenales, including Ebenaceae, the persimmon family, and Sapotaceae, the sapote family, and provide further evidence of the floristic diversity of this interesting Neogene flora.
USUALLY WHEN people think of exotic fruit trees, their thoughts turn to tropical species such as star fruit, cherimoya, miracle fruit, banana and sapote.
We would like to plant other trees, but we don't have seeds for other local trees like sapote and shimbillo," says Ruiz-Larrea.
The NW front includes the city of Huehuetenango, where primary hosts such as citrus, guava, figs and white sapote (Casimiroa edulis La Llave & Lex; Sapindales: Rutaceae) are abundant in backyards and the surrounding rural areas, where both small scattered and large coffee plantations occur.
In the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela they call it lechosa; in Mexico, melon sapote or melon papaya; in Brazil, mamao.
But in south Florida, growers are not only producing guava, carambola, mango, papaya, and citrus, but also pitaya, sapodilla, lychee, longan, and mamey sapote.
Field trials to attract fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in commercial sapodilla, mamey sapote and carambola orchards in Puerto Rico.
At various times, you'll find familiar and uncommon crops being studied at TARS, including dry beans, sorghum, banana, plantain, and exotic fruits such as rambutan, carambola (star fruit), mamey sapote, lychee, longan, papaya, mango, and mangosteen -- also known as the "queen of fruits" for being one of the finest flavored fruits in the world.
05 ha) pineland, bordered on the north by newly disked land, to the south by a commercial avocado grove, to the east by an experimental avocado grove, and to the west by a commercial longan (Dimocarpus longan), avocado and mamey sapote (Pouteria sapota) grove.