Saprophage

(redirected from saprophagous)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to saprophagous: xylophagous

saprophage

[′sap·rə‚fāj]
(biology)
An organism that lives on decaying organic matter.

Saprophage

 

an animal that feeds on the carcasses of other animals. Saprophages include hyenas, vultures, ravens, carrion beetles, dermestids, the larvae of blowflies and flesh flies, and certain crustaceans (especially benthic beach fleas and river crayfish). Many predators and omnivorous animals are partial saprophages. Saprophages function as cleaning agents by disposing of putrefying remains.

References in periodicals archive ?
Meningo-encephalomyelitis due to the saprophagous nematode, Micronema deletrix.
These species are mostly the saprophagous and predacious flies, which exploit a range of food sources; since they are often not restricted to a particular host or food type, they tend not to be restricted to a particular habitat or geographic area.
As with some saprophagous beetles, many cerambycid larvae contain bodies in the intestinal wall or in the fat body, called mycetomes, which house saprophytic fungi that fix atmospheric nitrogen and turn it into proteins.
A limited fauna of saprophagous beetle species is present, including the scarabaeid Onthophagus hecate, a species associated with dung of large herbivores such as Bison.
In the forest patches with longer diked history most of the additional taxa of soil macrofauna were omnivorous or saprophagous (McGill et al.
Evaluation of efficiency of Schoenly trap for collecting adult sarco saprophagous dipterans.
In extreme condition such as dry seasons in the caatinga, a recently dead animal consists of an "island" of available nutrients colonized by a wide variety of necrophagous, saprophagous, and predatory arthropods.
Saprophagous (Sap) Arthropods feeding on dead and decaying plant or animal matter by using enzymes to first liquefy the material, which is subsequently ingested.
Despite the marginal relationship abundance has with soil moisture, this abiotic variable is crucial for increasing the biomass of soil microorganisms, which can stimulate the activity of predatory and saprophagous arthropods that make up the soil micro-, meso-, and macrofauna (Swift et al.
Larvae are saprophagous during the first instar, but second- and third-instar larvae are predators on Musca domestica L.
They also state that, with the exception of trophic specializations, it occurs in the absence of dung as many supposedly saprophagous species end up being coprophagous when dung is available.
Saprophagous organisms represent 90-95% of the total biomass and account for 80-85% of the energy exchange.