Satsuma

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Satsuma

(sätso͞o`mä), peninsula, Kagoshima prefecture, SW Kyushu, Japan. It gives its name to a famous porcelain, Satsuma ware, which was first manufactured there by Korean artisans in the 16th cent. As a feudal province, Satsuma was controlled by the powerful Shimazu clan, which exacted tribute from the Ryukyu Islands from the 17th to the 19th cent. and developed Satsuma into one of the most advanced areas in 19th-century Japan. Kagoshima, the capital of Satsuma, was a center of Western influence in Japan. In 1877, Takamori Saigo led the Satsuma clansmen in a rebellion against the imperial government. This rebellion, suppressed by the imperial army, was the last serious internal threat to the Meiji restoration.

Satsuma

 

a principality of feudal Japan, in the southern part of the island of Kyushu; after the administrative reform of 1871, part of the prefecture of Kagoshima. Because of its advantageous geographical position at an intersection of sea routes to China and Korea, Satsuma since ancient times had the most highly developed economy, ranking first among other parts of Japan. By the mid-19th century, it had pioneered plants and factories that produced consumer goods.

In the 1860’s an alliance between the mercantile and manufacturing bourgeoisie of Satsuma and the samurai played an active role in the struggle against the shogunate. After the incomplete bourgeois revolution of 1867–68 (Meiji Restoration), men from Satsuma occupied leading posts in the state administration, monopolizing, in particular, command of the navy. Many samurai, unable to adapt to the new conditions, expressed discontent with the bourgeois reforms of the late 1860’s and early 1870’s and in 1877 a reactionary revolt rose in Satsuma under Saigo Takamori. The revolt was crushed by government troops.

satsuma

1. a small citrus tree, Citrus nobilis var. unshiu, cultivated, esp in Japan, for its edible fruit
2. the fruit of this tree, which has a loose rind and easily separable segments

Satsuma

a former province of SW Japan, on S Kyushu: famous for its porcelain
References in periodicals archive ?
Mae'r satsuma hwn yn edrych yn ddigon blasus, ond erbyn hyn maen nhw ar gael rownd y flwyddyn
Abita Satsuma Harvest Wit is brewed in small quantities and is available for a limited time only.
Although they're officially called giant satsumas they're also sometimes referred to in Japan as easy-peel oranges.
Apples, pears, bananas, satsumas and carrots have all been handed out before morning playtime for youngsters to enjoy.
In the meantime, peel down the satsumas and remove all the stringy white pith.
TANGERINES, satsumas, clementines - now is the season for a slice of citrus.
A portion is equal to a handful of berries, three handfuls of mixed salad, an apple, three sticks of celery, seven cherry tomatoes, two satsumas, two handfuls of beansprouts, a handful of pulses or half an avocado.
She advises swapping the chocolate bars for satsumas, clementines and tangerines.
Import company Munoz Mehadrin, which supplies satsumas to the UK from countries around the world, warns that supplies to the UK could be threatened if the trend continues.
Warwickshire schools are also taking part in the scheme, which will see youngsters tucking into bananas, pears, apples and small citrus fruits such as satsumas.
12 satsumas 225g/8oz golden caster sugar 150ml/5fl oz Calvados or Marsala 150ml/5fl oz water couple of handfuls of golden sultanas or raisins