saturated fat

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Related to saturated fatty acid: polyunsaturated fatty acid, monounsaturated fatty acid

saturated fat,

any solid fat that is an esterester,
any one of a group of organic compounds with general formula RCO2R′ (where R and R′ are alkyl groups or aryl groups) that are formed by the reaction between an alcohol and an acid.
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 of glycerolglycerol,
or 1,2,3-propanetriol
, CH2OHCHOHCH2OH, colorless, odorless, sweet-tasting, syrupy liquid. Glycerol is a trihydric alcohol. It melts at 17.
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 and a saturated fatty acidfatty acid,
any of the organic carboxylic acids present in fats and oils as esters of glycerol. Molecular weights of fatty acids vary over a wide range. The carbon skeleton of any fatty acid is unbranched. Some fatty acids are saturated, i.e.
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. The molecules of a saturated fat have only single bonds between carbon atoms; if double bonds are present in the fatty acid portion of the molecule, the fat is said to be unsaturated. Unsaturated fats generally have lower melting points than saturated fats and are often liquids (oils) at room temperature. Unsaturated fats can be converted to saturated fats by a process called hydrogenation; since this usually raises the melting point of the fat and makes it a solid, the process is also called hardening. A correlation has been found between the consumption of solid fats in food and cholesterol levels in blood. Cholesterol forms arterial plaques that may lead to blockage of the arteries, i.e., atherosclerosis. Dietary guidelines in the United States call for reduced intake of saturated fat. See fats and oilsfats and oils,
group of organic substances that form an important part of the diet and also are useful in many industries. The fats are usually solid, the oils generally liquid at ordinary room temperatures.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The behavior of saturated fatty acids once they've entered cells contributes to major and often deadly diseases," Min said.
concentration of monounsaturated fatty acids was higher in all chicken samples as compare to saturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acid.
The most predominant saturated fatty acid was palmitic acid (C16:0), which comprised about 70% and 73% of the total saturated fatty acids in samples collected from the Gulf of Suez in male and female animals, respectively.
In this cross-sectional family study that used erythrocyte fatty acids as biomarkers of intake (27, 29), we have shown that a high content of saturated fatty acids in erythrocytes is significantly (P <0.
Lack of genetic variation for reduced saturated fatty acid levels within Brassica has limited the progress by conventional breeding.
Myristic acid (14:0), a saturated fatty acid found in the diet in lesser amounts than palmitate, is at least as hypercholesterolemic as palmitate.
Look for an oil that is low in saturated fatty acids and, preferably, high in monounsatured fatty acids.
The American Heart Association Fat and Cholesterol Counter lists the fat, saturated fatty acid, cholesterol, sodium and calorie content of more than 450 common foods.
76% for the ratio of unsaturated to saturated fatty acid (Table 5).
The associations of plasma A[beta]40 and A[beta]342 levels and dietary intake of 10 nutrients were examined, including saturated fatty acid, monounsatu-rated fatty acid, omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), omega 6 PUFA, vitamin E, vitamin C, beta-carotene, vitamin B12, folate and vitamin D.