intelligence quotient

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intelligence quotient

a measure of the intelligence of an individual derived from results obtained from specially designed tests. The quotient is traditionally derived by dividing an individual's mental age by his chronological age and multiplying the result by 100

intelligence quotient (IQ)

a unit used in the field of INTELLIGENCE measurement and testing as an index of an individual's intelligence relative to a comparable population with respect to age. A ratio IQ is the IQ expressed as a ratio of mental age (as measured by a test) to chronological age, and multiplied by 100 to avoid decimals:

The average child at any one chronological age will therefore score 100 on the appropriate set of IQ test items. This was the original IQ measure first used in 1916 in the Stanford-Binet Test.

Modern tests make use of standard scores, which express the individual's distance from the mean in terms of the standard deviation, and assume a normal distribution. In a variant of this, the deviation IQ, the mean is 100 and a standard deviation of 15 or 16 is usual.

It is important to note the difference between these measures, since the deviation IQ is not a ratio of mental age to chronological age, and the measured IQs derived from it will depend on the standard deviation used in the test. see also INTELLIGENCE TEST.

intelligence quotient

[in′tel·ə·jəns ‚kwōsh·ənt]
The numerical designation for intelligence expressed as a ratio of an individual's performance on a standardized test to the average performance according to age. Abbreviated IQ.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Gateway Family YMCA provides school age child care and summer camp programs through branches in Elizabeth, Rahway and Union, and provides after school programs in local elementary schools.
Additionally, ECIC worked with AIR to have conversations with eleven states about how their state incorporates programs that serve school age children into their QRIS.
A comparison of the secondary-level NAR and GAR shows that 8% of secondary school students are outside of the official school age for that level.
The program just grew and grew as we moved to different locations," said Jan Girard, a registered nurse and director of the School Age Mothers program.
Only then did we see the enormous number of school age children needing families.
When children reach school age, they often acquire more independence and mobility.
Grandon Gill, mothers who agree to forgo paid work until their children are of school age would receive substantial government subsidies in the form of educational credits which could be used later for college tuition, graduate education, or technical training.
Continued research showed that the "Hearing Aid Effect" was found in hearing impaired and deaf school-age children when evaluated by college students, school age peers, classroom teachers, or speech language pathologists and audiologists (Blood, Blood, & Danhauer, 1978; Blood & Blood, 1982; Blood & Blood, 1983; Danhauer, Blood, Blood, & Gomez, 1980; Dengerink & Porter, 1984).
In short, school age children, who were born during the Depression and who spent much of their time in schools during the War, experienced the period differently than did pre-school age children, who were never directly exposed to the scarcity of the Depression or the homogenization and pervasive patriotism of the war-time schools.
NAESP Conference principals will attend a "Training of Trainers" to learn how to promote school age child care at the local level.
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com)-- The Gateway Family YMCA announces the addition of Jessica Rehfuss as the School Age Child Care and Summer Camp Director for the Rahway Branch, located at 1564 Irving Street.

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