school of Paris


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Related to school of Paris: Chaim Soutine, Neue Sachlichkeit

school of Paris.

The center of international art until after World War II, Paris was a mecca for artists who flocked there to participate in the most advanced aesthetic currents of their time. The school of Paris is not one style; the term describes many styles and movements. The practitioners and adherents of fauvismfauvism
[Fr. fauve=wild beast], name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy.
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, cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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, and orphismorphism,
a short-lived movement in art founded in 1912 by Robert Delaunay, Frank Kupka, the Duchamp brothers, and Roger de la Fresnaye. Apollinaire coined the term orphism
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 all belonged to the school of Paris, as well as many artists whose styles fit into no one category. After the war, when New York City challenged Paris's preeminence in the art world, the school of Paris continued to produce major figures and styles in art: Jean Dubuffet and the Art Brut school are recent examples.

Paris, School of

 

(Ecole de Paris), the conventional designation for an international group of artists that formed in Paris mainly between 1910 and the late 1920’s.

In a narrow sense, the term “school of Paris” is used to designate a group of artists from various countries who, in the opinion of a number of critics, created their own variant of expressionism, marked by elements of fantasy and, at the same time, by extremely intimate images. Such artists included A. Modigliani from Italy, M. Chagall from Russia, J. Pascin from Bulgaria, C. Soutine from Lithuania, M. Kisling from Poland, and T. Foujita from Japan.

In a broad sense, the term “school of Paris” is used to designate all artists, both French and foreign, who lived in the Montparnasse quarter of Paris, the favorite haunt of bohemian artists. These artists continued, in various ways, the experiments of the early 20th century (fauvism, cubism) or created new movements (dadaism, surrealism) that were similar to avant-gardism in literature.

REFERENCE

Nacenta, R. Ecole de Paris. Neuchâtel, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
Franck Prazan of Applicat-Prazan, specialists in the Post-War School of Paris ('not a school--it is a duration, a location') has also seen the market grow significantly for Riopelle (for work dated 1949-54), da Silva (peak period 1945/6-early 1950s), Hartung (he is taking a work from 1957 to Art Basel), and the category-defying Dubuffet.
Over the years, Wally Findlay Galleries has showcased many different genres, from French Impressionism, to Fauvism, to Post-impressionism and the School of Paris.
Hans Hofmann's affinity with the School of Paris initially led to his popularity in the 1930's.
Swayzee is also a member of the Board of Trustees of the International School of Paris and President of its U.
Browse & Derby (19 Cork Street, London; +44 (0) 20 7734 7984) stage 'Maurice Brianchon (1889-1979)', the first UK retrospective of the School of Paris artist for over 40 years (23 September-23 October).
On display were works made during the '60s, when Baselitz was in headlong rebellion against the School of Paris, which seemed to have reached a dead end in a tachism that had become decorative, and the School of New York, which was witnessing the birth of Pop and Minimalism.
The committee consists of a panel of leading experts, including Christian Parisot, foremost expert on Modigliani's life and work; Jean Kisling, author of the three volumes that constitute the Moise Kisling Catalogue Raisonne; Claude Mollard, author and Delegate of Minister Jack Lang for Visual Arts and Culture of the French Ministry of Education and Culture; Marie-Claire Mansencal, senior researcher at the Louvre Museum; Masaaki Iseki, director of the Tokyo Metropolitan Teien Art Museum; and Andre Schoeller, expert witness in matters regarding the artists of the School of Paris at the Paris Court, the Paris Tribunal, the Paris Customs and at the Drouot auction house of Paris.
John's University in New York, senior finance committee member of the board of trustees of the American School of Paris, assistant instructor in the Graduate School of Indiana University, research consultant at Harvard University, and an elementary-school teacher in the South Bronx, New York.
Lacking connections, he went to Paris, only to find that the School of Paris was dead.
Paris pour escale" (Paris stopover) was presented as a companion to "L'Ecole de Paris, 1904-1929, la part de l'autre" (The School of Paris, 1904-1929, the role of the other), a survey of foreign-born artists active in Paris in the early decades of the twentieth century.
Just as the School of Paris was, essentially, non-French painters in France, the School of London is essentially a band of outsiders--mostly emigres (from Eastern Europe, Ireland, or the United States), mostl y set apart by religious background (even Andrews, the one non-Jewish Englishman, was brought up as a Dissenter rather than in the Church of England).
In the mid-'30s and early '40s de Kooning made the figure his own, first fusing Depression-era affect with Roman mural style, then making a Picassoid attack on human anatomy, while Tworkov clung to the tamer School of Paris stuff he had learned from his previous mentor, the elegant colorist and neo-cubist Karl Knaths.

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