scientific realism


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scientific realism

(PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE) the assumption (Bhaskar, 1975, 1979), that a ‘real world’ exists independently of our senses, and that the objects of scientific thought are ‘real structures, irreducible to the events they generate’ (see also EXPLANATORY MECHANISM; compare REALISM). In presenting this as a new TRANSCENDENTAL ARGUMENT, Bhaskar has had considerable influence on methodological thinking in modern sociology, especially in providing support for 'structural explanations’ and in combatting EMPIRICISM. What is not clear, however, is whether scientific realism carries quite the specific implications suggested by Bhaskar (e.g. support for MARX against WEBER or DURKHEIM).
References in periodicals archive ?
The Role of Existential Quantification in Scientific Realism, SUKI FINN
Extensive philosophical debates about scientific realism have centred around the issue of whether or not we are justified in inferring that those unobservable entities are correctly described by scientific theories (see, e.
A second class of objections to scientific realism can be characterized as postmodern interpretivist objections.
Scientific Realism in Particle Physics: A Causal Approach
London: Unpublished manuscript, London School of Economics Scientific Realism Revisited Conference, 2009.
Bender proposes three realisms: Romantic realism, objective realism, and scientific realism and his idea is based on Francisco Javier Prado Biezma's thought.
Much of the debate over realism in the philosophy of mathematics bears deep connections to debates over scientific realism more generally.
Such a cognitive/metaphysical system would provide a rationale in defense of scientific realism that does not end with logic, but begins with it.
The importance of scientific realism or critical realism as the term is generally used in social sciences lies in providing an alternative understanding of science as compared to both the positivist and post-positivist conceptions including post-structuralist, hermeneutic and constructivist accounts of social reality.
Ricoeur's conception of reference can be applied to theories of scientific realism.
12) Leplin, Jarrett, A Novel Defense of Scientific Realism, Nueva York: Oxford University Press, 1997, p.

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