Rheinmetall's subsidiary, American Rheinmetall Munitions (ARM) will make available M1110 40 x 46mm day/night training cartridges and 66mm vehicle-launched screening smoke
grenades to the US Armed Forces.
A new formula will replace the World War II-era HC Screening Smoke
Mithras rockets are waterproof down to two metres and can be equipped with payloads for various effects, such as white or IR illumination, signalling, screening smoke
, radar chaff or radar tracking.
Chemical smoke generator companies provided screening smoke
for areas 1 to 1 1/2 miles wide and several miles long on a 24-hour basis.
2451 IR-Smoke 76/1 grd smoke Screening Smoke
DM55 grd smoke IR-Smoke 76/1 IR/visual wind-dependent Screening Smoke
DM55 IR/visual 45 sec.
Despite these demonstrations, the most widely-used off-board counter-measures in today's AFVs continue to be the vehicle-discharged grenade-deploying a visual and/or IR screening smoke.
Numerous and extensive trials have also been conducted to evaluate the protection afforded by screening smokes and similar materials that operate in the visual and IR wavelengths, and also the use of chaff type materials to counter the millimetric radar threat in the land battle; in addition, trials have been conducted to evaluate helicopter-type IR jammers and missile warning systems when mounted on AFVs.