sea turtle


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

sea turtle,

name for several species of large marine turtlesturtle,
a reptile of the order Chelonia, with strong, beaked, toothless jaws and, usually, an armorlike shell. The shell normally consists of bony plates overlaid with horny shields.
..... Click the link for more information.
 found in tropical and subtropical oceans. These turtles are modified for life in the ocean by having flipperlike forelimbs without toes and lightweight shells. Their heads are too large to be withdrawn into the shell. They spend most of their lives in the water, but come ashore to lay their eggs. Nearly all species have a circumglobal distribution although there are differences between the Atlantic and the Pacific populations. Most sea turtles are found in North American waters as far N as the U.S. S Atlantic coast and Baja California.

All sea turtle species are declining in numbers, owing in large part to the destruction of the eggs, which are widely used as food in tropical regions. Sea turtle meat is also eaten, and there is a market for turtle oil, hide, and shell. In a few places, such as Sarawak, harvesting of eggs is regulated by law to insure propagation of the species. The size of sea turtles has also decreased, owing to the hunting of large specimens.

The green turtle, Chelonia mydas, with greenish to brownish skin and shell, formerly reached weights of 1,000 lb (450 kg); the largest now found are about 4 ft (120 cm) long and weigh about 500 lb (225 kg). The green turtle feeds chiefly on marine vegetation and is most abundant in shallow water. The loggerhead, Caretta caretta, is a large-headed brown to reddish turtle. Chiefly carnivorous, it ranges from open oceans to coastal salt marshes and stream mouths. Like the green turtle it sometimes comes ashore in uninhabited places to bask.

The hawksbill, or tortoiseshell turtle, Eretmochelys imbricata, may reach 30 in. (75 cm) in length and weigh 100 lbs (45 kg). The horny plates of its shell are translucent and have a variegated color pattern, chiefly brown and yellow. These plates have long been valued for the making of ornamental objects. Although tortoiseshell has to a large extent been replaced in many applications by plastic, a renewed demand for the genuine material poses a serious threat to the hawksbill.

The ridleys, the smallest sea turtles, inhabit shallow offshore waters. The 2-ft (60-cm) long, gray Kemp's, or Atlantic, ridley, Lepidochelys kempii, breeds only in the Gulf of Mexico, although the young are often carried by the Gulf Stream to the Carribean Sea and Europe. The slightly larger, greenish olive, or Pacific, ridley (L. olivacea), also known as the oliveback, is found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. The leatherbackleatherback,
marine turtle, Dermochelys coriacea, found in tropical, subtropical, and temperate waters around the world. The largest of all turtles, it may reach a length of 7 1-2 ft (230 cm) and weigh 1200 lb (540 kg).
..... Click the link for more information.
 is the largest of all turtles; it belongs to a separate family from the other sea turtles.

All sea turtles other than the leatherback are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Reptilia, order Chelonia, family Chelonidae; the leatherback belongs to the family Dermochelidae.

Bibliography

See J. R. Spotila, Saving Sea Turtles (2011).

sea turtle

[′sē ‚tərd·əl]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of various marine turtles, principally of the families Cheloniidae and Dermochelidae, having paddle-shaped feet.
References in periodicals archive ?
TACLOBAN CITY - The Department of Environment and Natural Resources regional office 8 (DENR-8) in this city has rescued and released 136 sea turtles to the sea last year, a report from DENR-8 said Saturday.
Video footage of the incident shows guard workers as their small boat inches closer to approach the bales of cocaine and the sea turtle that's trapped between it all.
Marife Castillo, head of the Community Environment and Natural Resources Office in Olongapo City, said the newborn olive ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) hatched at All Hands beach here and were set free about 6 p.
Just one sea turtle in 1,000 will make it to maturity, which is why turtles lay so many eggs in a single nest, says Bernhard.
This scientific paper is a massive achievement for the Jumeirah Groups sea turtle conservation work, with the collation of nearly 12 years of green sea turtle tracking data.
But, despite the tremendous discoveries made since the first studies began many decades ago in Tortuguero and other Caribbean locations, many fundamental questions about sea turtle biology, ecology, life history, and population dynamics remain unanswered.
Each year, 44 thousand sea turtles are stranded in the Mediterranean, 700 of them on Tunisian coasts, not counting the turtles caught in the nets of fishermen and sold illegally, according to a joint press release on the occasion of World Turtle Day By the Coastal Protection and Management Agency, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF-North Africa) and the National Institute of Marine Science and Technology.
Warner and the Turtle Hospital team, along with turtle experts from Sea Turtle Conservancy, biologists from Sea Life Center Orlando, and Dr.
For example, in the Wassaw National Wildlife Refuge, Georgia, Moulis (1997) found a significant decrease in emergence success from nests of the loggerhead sea turtle, Caretta caretta (L.
The Kemp's ridley sea turtle, which is the rarest sea turtle in the world, is slowly getting stronger with the help of experts at Bristol Aquarium.
Every May, researchers and volunteers begin to count the numbers of sea turtle nesting along the Southeastern coast.