Secondary Process


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.
Related to Secondary Process: primary process, secondary process thinking

Secondary Process

(dreams)

Secondary process is Sigmund Freud‘s expression for the psychological mechanism that regulates our behavior with respect to external reality. The secondary processes, associated with the ego, are dominated by what Freud referred to as the reality principle. The contrasting term is primary process, a mechanism dominated by the pleasure principle. In a normal adult, the secondary processes regulate the primary processes so that the person does not immediately act upon every urge that comes to mind. The secondary processes are called secondary because they come into being only after infancy, which is dominated by the primary processes.

Freud’s understanding of dreams was that they represented fulfillment of desires normally controlled and repressed by secondary processes. However, despite Freud’s emphasis on dreams as an arena dominated by primary processes, he noted that secondary processes also play a role in shaping dreams:

Two fundamentally different kinds of psychical process are concerned in the formation of dreams. One of these produces perfectly rational dream-thoughts, of no less validity than normal thinking; while the other treats these thoughts in a manner which is in the highest degree bewildering and irrational. (Freud, p. 597—see Sources)

The secondary processes are responsible for the overtly rational elements in dreams (coming into play at the stage of the dreamwork Freud called secondary revision), whereas the primary processes are responsible for the seeming irrationality of dreams.

References in periodicals archive ?
Overall, the secondary process times can be significantly reduced, which, in turn, shortens the total cycle times," Marufke explained.
self) which regulates the secondary process (Boris, 1989; Fenichel,
He continued that he had been given assurance that the concerns we had over hospitals would be addressed in a secondary process.
Because of the seasonal nature of the vaccine operation, this secondary process - which involves the filling of the vaccine into vials and packaging of the vials into cartons - is only needed for 12-16 weeks a year.
Written for manufacturing and quality control personnel, operators and supervisors involved in the production of coated products, and engineers and scientists involved in the design and productions of coated materials, this is the new edition of a guide to solving defects that occur in the coating and drying of films on continuous sheets or webs that has been updated to account for increased quality requirements and advances in technology and expanded to cover a wider range of defects, including those that can occur in secondary process operations.
The extra time spent moving parts to a secondary deburring process and the operation, maintenance, and management of the secondary process are textbook examples of the type of non-value-added labor waste, called muda in Japanese, that Lean Manufacturing philosophy seeks to avoid.
Options include high-and low-temperature drying packages, conveying selections for open- and/or closed-loop configurations, secondary process heaters for dual-hopper configurations, and remote operator interface.
Benefits include improved cycle times, reduced energy consumption, elimination of secondary process steps, and reduced scrap generation.
The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), the political risk insurance and credit enhancement arm of the World Bank Group, today announced its support for a greenfield plant to recycle Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) dusta hazardous industrial waste generated from the secondary process of steel productionand produce key metals in Saudi Arabia.
A unique secondary process utilizes a twist drill to drill a 90 degree lubrication hole in four parts simultaneously, intersecting with the 23.
Limited Tenders are invited for Annual Rate Contract For Electrical Jobs In Secondary Process Ccu, Fccu, Dhds, Rmp, Sru And Sws-4

Full browser ?