in stature and age at menarche among Punjabi aroras residing in New Delhi.
The aim of this study was to look for any secular trend
in the height of Balkan populations from the time of WWII in the 1940s to the Balkans Wars (BWs) of the 1990s.
An additional model containing trend confirmed persistence of the secular trend
The secular trends
in height and weight of Turkish school children during 1993-2003.
This is probably because, in many European countries, secular trend
has started much earlier and are coming close to a halt while India is only recently progressing.
These findings are consistent with recent studies of secular trends
in hip fracture which report that incidence has increased among the oldest old, despite an overall decline in hip fracture rates (19, 20).
However, recent large scale reviews of the secular trend
in puberty by expert panels in both the USA and Europe confirm that more caution should be exercised and more modest claims made with regard to earlier puberty.
The analysts observe that if the 56% decline represents a secular trend
, then in the absence of school health centers, the rate in areas with these facilities would have fallen to 73 per 1,000, or nearly twice the actual figure for 1997.
Jeff Margolis, director of Institutional Sales and Marketing at TIAA-CREE a New York-based financial services organization, has noticed that there is definitely a secular trend
toward international exposure.
There may well be a secular trend
that's acting to weaken the relationship between obesity and mortality," says Williamson "We've undoubtedly become better at keeping people alive.
Minnesota served as a control state to distinguish intervention-related changes from the regional secular trend
On the final text page of our book, we referred to the contrast between the downward secular trend
of velocity before World War II, and the upward trend in the postwar period.