I Henry Dochsteder Seignior of the Township of Caistor County of Lincoln District of Niagara and province of Upper Canada do this Ninth day of April in the year of our Lord One thousand eight Hundred and Nine make and publish this Codicil to my last Will and Testament m manner following (that is to say) that the Liberty by me given in my last Will and Testament to my Sons Henry and Joseph Dotchsteder and to my two Grand-Sons John and George Henry Dochsteder in regard to their free liberty of cutting and converting to their own proper use whatever wood or timber they should want as therein mentioned is to extend no further than to the Timber being on the Land Lying on the South side of the Chippewa Creek.
Signed, sealed, published and declared by the above named Henry Dochsteder Seignior to be his last will.
Assur Levy, alias Aster Wilde and declared that by reason of his needful departure for Germany he has placed in his stead and has constituted, as he does herewith, Isaacq Gamies Dorthe, bearer of this especial [power of Attorney] that he may in his, the constituent's name and on his behalf, appear before the Lords Justices of Petty Affairs, there to present to and deposit with the Lords Justices the sum of one hundred and twenty six-dollars which he, the constituent is under obligation and owes to Alexander Polack according to the note of hand existing thereof, subject to removal of the attachment placed on him, the constituent by Jacob Gomprich Post.
Emperor Frederick, the mighty and benevolent ruler of his own lands, was fond of gathering in his court not only noble seigniors and other knights, but also connoisseurs of various arts and trades, even if they weren't descendants of ancient and famous families.
Immediately, the barons, seigniors, knights, and dukes all took to their heels, away and under the table; however at that moment the hail and rain stopped.
In serf Russia, as in other "peasant states," the commune functioned as part of the administrative structure of both the state and the seignior.
The bureaucracy and/or the seignior might have access to a wealth of statistical information in the form of census returns, land surveys, or annual reports, but they had little knowledge of local conditions, and therefore had to leave it to the peasant community, or, to be more exact, the intermediate authorities that governed the community, to assess and collect taxes and rents, select recruits, sort out local disputes, and grant or deny the requests of the local population.
The Czar is endeavouring to prevent them by the dispatching his Ambassadors to the Grand Seignior
, with many rich Presents and the best language imaginable to induce him to put a restraint on them, by whose encouragement onely they seem to be acted.
The French king had conspired with Sultan Mehmet IV, grand seignior
and leader of the Ottoman Turkish empire, to disrupt the power of France's nemesis, the Hapsburg dynasty, in Eastern Europe.
Don Fracesco de Segnera and his nephewe.
After all, your work on peasants and seigniors
was centrally concerned with mentalities--Jerome Blum, writing in the Journal of Modern History in 1971, called Systemes agraires nothing less than "a study in psychological history.
But as late as 1831, at least, the design of the act was likely to be frustrated, owing to the reluctance of the seigniors