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the government of a country, nation, etc., by its own people



the management of the affairs of a territorial community, organization, or group independently by its members, through elective bodies or by direct means such as assemblies or referenda. The main features of self-government are the possession of public power by the people or electors of a particular territory or by the members of a public organization or group, their autonomy in deciding internal questions, and the absence of externally appointed governing bodies.

In local self-government, one of the types of state administration at the local level, the population of an administrative and territorial unit manages local affairs autonomously, either indirectly through elected bodies or directly, within the limits of laws established by the state. Introduced in Western Europe as a result of the bourgeois revolutions, the system of local self-government completed its development under premonopoly capitalism. Bourgeois local self-government was very narrowly applied. At the sociopolitical level, it was a sham, because formal recognition of the members of the community as the agents of government was combined with the de facto elimination of the exploited masses from participation in government. The growth of centralism and the increase in state intervention in local affairs, which accompanied the transition to the imperialist stage of capitalism, resulted in the loss of even the limited autonomy of bourgeois self-government and in its transformation into a component of the administrative apparatus of the state.

The broadening of the powers of the bodies of local self-government is among the general democratic demands of the working class in contemporary capitalist states. However, contrary to the claims of bourgeois and reformist ideologists, democratizing local administration and broadening the functions of locally elected bodies (municipalities) are not sufficient to produce change in the character of the bourgeois state or the capitalist system. V. I. Lenin exposed the opportunistic essence of the conceptions of municipal socialism and emphasized the class limitations of bourgeois local self-government and its narrowness and impotence when confronting centralized power (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 17, p. 163).

Complete, consistently democratic, local self-government develops with the victory of the socialist revolution. In the socialist states, local self-government has a qualitatively new basis. Local representative bodies of state authority are organized and function so that the working people participate in administering local affairs and in deciding issues relevant to the entire state. In socialist society the working people exercise political power through their own state and through various public mass organizations and other bodies of independent civic activity. The activity of these organizations and bodies in guaranteeing the interests of the working people, in meeting their material and cultural needs, and in carrying out governmental tasks assigned to them constitute a form of social self-government, which is one of the manifestations of popular rule and socialist democracy. Public mass organizations and bodies of independent civic activity are components of the political organization of socialist society.

Social self-government continues to have a political character under socialism, playing a tremendous role in involving the working people in regular and active participation in administering government and public affairs. As the socialist state develops and perfects its political system, a state of the whole people emerges—a transitional stage in the development toward the stateless form of organization under communist society, toward the full implementation of social self-government. The development of social self-government is one of the principal means for the gradual transition to communist social self-government.

G. V. BARABASHEV [22–16334]

References in periodicals archive ?
Second, policy makers subjected all publicly funded schools to periodic inspections to ensure that individual self-governing schools conformed to national guidelines and promoted a productive environment for learning (Ladd & Fiske, 2011; Ladd, 2010).
Strengthening the place and role of citizens' self-governing bodies in society and transforming them into local entities that provide real assistance to people;
The Nitra Self-Governing Region (NSGR) consists of 7 districts, 15 towns and 354 municipalities.
The tension between the idea of self-governing and that of a community of citizens is of particular interest to Hindess as it been a major preoccupation of Western political thought right through to the modem period.
Wave of the future though they may be, city-regions can indeed not be self-governing.
But these ladies also undermined the assumptions of the liberal state that only men were to be self-governing.
Taiwan bans direct transport links with China, due to the country's views that the self-governing island is a breakaway province that must eventually be reunified.
Canada became self-governing in 1867, and Australia in 1901.
The self-governing commonwealth of the United States banned capital punishment in 1929, and most Puerto Ricans are alarmed by the U.
LaBonge also questioned the need for a system of mostly self-governing boroughs, a proposal some City Council members support to enhance neighborhood representation.
The seminar topics included property tax fairness for homeowners in cooperatives and condominiums who are taxed at a disproportionate rate far exceeding Class One owners of one, two and three family homes; affordable energy and the need to secure J-51 benefits for investing in energy conservation equipment; senior citizen services and the right to apply for J-51 benefits to offset the cost of any city-mandated modifications; recognizing cooperatives and condominiums as self-governing entities; and legal issues, particularly preventing a building-wide mechanic's lien for work done in individual apartments or units.
While almost everyone at the symposium agreed that the core principle is that norms are primarily or entirely self-governing, some use the term norms to describe relationships where the option of judicial enforcement remains should private enforcement prove inadequate.