self-government


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self-government

the government of a country, nation, etc., by its own people

Self-Government

 

the management of the affairs of a territorial community, organization, or group independently by its members, through elective bodies or by direct means such as assemblies or referenda. The main features of self-government are the possession of public power by the people or electors of a particular territory or by the members of a public organization or group, their autonomy in deciding internal questions, and the absence of externally appointed governing bodies.

In local self-government, one of the types of state administration at the local level, the population of an administrative and territorial unit manages local affairs autonomously, either indirectly through elected bodies or directly, within the limits of laws established by the state. Introduced in Western Europe as a result of the bourgeois revolutions, the system of local self-government completed its development under premonopoly capitalism. Bourgeois local self-government was very narrowly applied. At the sociopolitical level, it was a sham, because formal recognition of the members of the community as the agents of government was combined with the de facto elimination of the exploited masses from participation in government. The growth of centralism and the increase in state intervention in local affairs, which accompanied the transition to the imperialist stage of capitalism, resulted in the loss of even the limited autonomy of bourgeois self-government and in its transformation into a component of the administrative apparatus of the state.

The broadening of the powers of the bodies of local self-government is among the general democratic demands of the working class in contemporary capitalist states. However, contrary to the claims of bourgeois and reformist ideologists, democratizing local administration and broadening the functions of locally elected bodies (municipalities) are not sufficient to produce change in the character of the bourgeois state or the capitalist system. V. I. Lenin exposed the opportunistic essence of the conceptions of municipal socialism and emphasized the class limitations of bourgeois local self-government and its narrowness and impotence when confronting centralized power (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 17, p. 163).

Complete, consistently democratic, local self-government develops with the victory of the socialist revolution. In the socialist states, local self-government has a qualitatively new basis. Local representative bodies of state authority are organized and function so that the working people participate in administering local affairs and in deciding issues relevant to the entire state. In socialist society the working people exercise political power through their own state and through various public mass organizations and other bodies of independent civic activity. The activity of these organizations and bodies in guaranteeing the interests of the working people, in meeting their material and cultural needs, and in carrying out governmental tasks assigned to them constitute a form of social self-government, which is one of the manifestations of popular rule and socialist democracy. Public mass organizations and bodies of independent civic activity are components of the political organization of socialist society.

Social self-government continues to have a political character under socialism, playing a tremendous role in involving the working people in regular and active participation in administering government and public affairs. As the socialist state develops and perfects its political system, a state of the whole people emerges—a transitional stage in the development toward the stateless form of organization under communist society, toward the full implementation of social self-government. The development of social self-government is one of the principal means for the gradual transition to communist social self-government.

G. V. BARABASHEV [22–16334]

References in periodicals archive ?
This situation will not change without our involvement in self-government and the constitutional discussions.
The move toward self-government is not the first step Whitecap Dakota has taken to get out from under the Indian Act.
The Constitution endured because it allowed prudent statesmen to make wise decisions that preserved self-government under the rule of law.
As Germany's own history has shown, an unrestrained political class is far more dangerous than self-government could ever be.
In the first case it means that the source of funding, while interesting, but the self-governments cannot count with it in the future, as its charging would make problems to the self-government.
In this way, support of economic growth is expected to be provided and development of the local self-government, increase of employment by opening new jobs and improvement of the competitiveness of citizens and their standard of living," the Ministry of Economy said.
The approach presented in this directive is to allow for the use of geographical information systems in the member states of EU and for the popularization of GIS in the relations self-government office - the local community, becoming a way for building the information society.
Territorial self-government units and tourist organizations play a significant role in formation of economic processes in tourism sector on the regional and local levels.
If effective local self-government makes people happy, perhaps it isn't surprising that today the loss of self-government has translated into a politics of rage and frustration.
However, first of all, it means that the self-government debt may still grow, therefore the effectiveness of the limit may be constrained by the loans for the EU needs.
Mumbai Half of the posts in local self-government bodies in the state of Maharashtra will soon be kept aside for women after the state's Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan yesterday announced an increase in allocation for women to up to 50 per cent.