Sesquiterpene

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Related to Sesquiterpenes: Diterpenes, Monoterpenes

sesquiterpene

[¦ses·kwē′tər‚pēn]
(organic chemistry)
Any terpene with the formula C15H24; that is, 1½ times the terpene formula.

Sesquiterpene

 

any of the hydrocarbons with the general formula C15H24 (trimers of isoprene) or oxygen derivatives of these hydrocarbons. The name “sesquiterpenes” indicates that the molecular weight of these compounds is 1.5 times greater than that of the monoterpenes (from the Latin sesqui, “one and one-half times”). Sesquiterpenes, like terpenes, occur in essential oils and balsams and account for the characteristic odors of plants.

References in periodicals archive ?
For example, various components such as sesquiterpene coumarins, terpene alcohols and other sesquiterpene derivatives such as conferone (Fig.
25) The active principles are noted to include one or more of the sesquiterpene lactones, including parthenolide, which is the main sesquiterpene lactone in feverfew.
In 2004 we synthesized both the enantiomers of the four sesquiterpenes, (30) and found (-)-11 to be biologically inactive.
Agarwood contains aromatic terpenes with sesquiterpenes as the main active compounds
Terpenoids are classified to hemi-terpenes (C5), monoterpenes (C10), sesquiterpenes (C15), diterpenes (C20), triterpenes (C30), and tetraterpenes (C40) [25].
The first part of the volume is organized by chemical class, covering monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, triterpenes & steroids, essential oils, phenolic compounds, phenylpropanoids, coumarins, flavonoids, quinones & benzophenones, xanthones & anthranoids, lignans & stilbenes, tannins, alkaloids, and ceramides & cerebrosides.
Ginger has chemicals called sesquiterpenes that target rhinoviruses (the most common family of cold viruses) as well as substances that help suppress coughing and is a natural pain and fever reducer and a mild sedative.
Silkbay (which is highly aromatic) had the highest quantity of volatile sesquiterpenes as well as the largest diversity of sesquiterpene components.
2007), published a serie of terpenes and other compounds in some piper species using hydrodestillation, founding monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and oxygenated sesquiterpenes mainly.