Settlement


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Related to Settlement: Rural settlement, Human settlement

settlement

1. a place newly settled; colony
2. a collection of dwellings forming a community, esp on a frontier
3. a public building used to provide educational and general welfare facilities for persons living in deprived areas
4. Law
a. a conveyance, usually to trustees, of property to be enjoyed by several persons in succession
b. the deed or other instrument conveying such property
c. the determination of a dispute, etc., by mutual agreement without resorting to legal proceedings

Settlement

 

a procedural action agreed upon by the parties to a civil case which involves submitting to the court for ratification a contract concerning conditions for resolving the legal dispute.

According to Soviet law, settlements differ from out-of-court settlements which are concluded by the disputing parties outside of the court and are not submitted to the court for ratification. Settlements may be concluded in disputes arising from civil, labor, kolkhoz, and other legal relationships; they may be concluded by the disputing parties and by third persons with in-dependent legal claims who are participating in the case. By ratifying the settlement, the court renders a decision that the particular case is closed; where the court refuses to ratify a settlement, the case continues to be heard. Persons involved in the case have the right to appeal, and the procurator may also lodge a protest of the court’s findings with respect to any settlement.

With the court’s ratification of a settlement, a second hearing of the dispute between the same parties concerning the same subject and on the same grounds is precluded. If one party evades voluntary fulfillment of obligations according to the settlement, compulsory execution in the general manner is admissible. Settlements are also concluded in arbitration proceedings and comrades’ courts and before arbitration tribunals.


Settlement

 

(in Russian, poselok), in the USSR, a low-level administrative-territorial unit designating a community located outside a city’s limits. There are three types of settlements: workers’, resort-type, and dacha.

Workers’ settlements are communities located at large plants, mines, power plants, construction sites of large hydraulic-engineering installations, and other projects and having no less than 3,000 residents. At least 85 percent must be workers and office employees and members of their families.

Resort-type settlements are communities situated in localities with a curative environment and having a population of at least 2,000. The number of people who come annually for treatment and rest to these settlements must total at least 50 percent of the permanent population. Dacha settlements are vacation communities for city dwellers, in which not more than 25 percent of the adult population is continually engaged in agriculture.

In statistical literature all three types of settlements are sometimes combined under “urban-type settlement.” By January 1974 there were 3,700 settlements in the USSR.


Settlement

 

in civil cases in the Anglo-Saxon countries, an agreement between parties by virtue of which a court case is terminated before a decision is reached. If one party does not fulfill the conditions of the settlement, the court can enforce the conditions.

settlement

[′sed·əl·mənt]
(civil engineering)
The gradual downward movement of an engineering structure, due to compression of the soil below the foundation.
(geology)
The subsidence of surficial material (such as coastal sediments) due to compaction.
(mining engineering)
The gradual lowering of the overlying strata in a mine, due to extraction of the mined material.

settlement

1. The downward movement of a building structure due to consolidation of soil beneath the foundation.
2. The sinking of solid particles of aggregate in fresh concrete or mortar after its placement and before its initial set.
References in periodicals archive ?
Life insurers don't have a problem with the legitimate life settlement market, Poolman said.
This percentage holds true for traditional Appeals, Fast Track Settlement, and Post-Appeals Mediation.
A better alternative may be to investigate selling the policy through a life settlement broker.
Rather, the typical life settlement candidate has a life expectancy of between 2 and 12 years.
The parties began settlement discussions to determine the government's estimated actual damages; they also discussed trebling actual damages under the FCA.
The life settlement industry has created a secondary market for acquiring life insurance policies from qualifying policyholders, who receive an offer guaranteed to exceed the cash value.
In addition, the two firms will put up $5 million to fund the preparation of a cleanup plan during the next year, according to the settlement, which was ratified by the water agency's board of directors Wednesday night.
The focal point of the recommendations was the commission's dual prescription for confidence building: The Palestinian leadership should t ry to stop violence and shooting at Israelis from civilian areas; Israel should impose a freeze on settlement expansion.
A viatical settlement is a way to access cash and reduce financial strains and resulting emotional unrest for both the resident and family.
The idea was to submit medical records that would suggest a short life expectancy, thereby justifying a higher viatical settlement.
While historians have long considered the American settlement house a model of Progressive era reform, they have disagreed on its meaning: as reform, feminist historians most especially have cited it as the harbinger of forward-looking New Deal social policy; as social control, New Left historians have argued it helped affect the transition to corporate monopoly capitalism.
The longest delay is from filing the petition to reach a settlement of the matter, he said.