Settlement


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Wikipedia.
Related to Settlement: Rural settlement, Human settlement

settlement

1. a place newly settled; colony
2. a collection of dwellings forming a community, esp on a frontier
3. a public building used to provide educational and general welfare facilities for persons living in deprived areas
4. Law
a. a conveyance, usually to trustees, of property to be enjoyed by several persons in succession
b. the deed or other instrument conveying such property
c. the determination of a dispute, etc., by mutual agreement without resorting to legal proceedings

Settlement

 

a procedural action agreed upon by the parties to a civil case which involves submitting to the court for ratification a contract concerning conditions for resolving the legal dispute.

According to Soviet law, settlements differ from out-of-court settlements which are concluded by the disputing parties outside of the court and are not submitted to the court for ratification. Settlements may be concluded in disputes arising from civil, labor, kolkhoz, and other legal relationships; they may be concluded by the disputing parties and by third persons with in-dependent legal claims who are participating in the case. By ratifying the settlement, the court renders a decision that the particular case is closed; where the court refuses to ratify a settlement, the case continues to be heard. Persons involved in the case have the right to appeal, and the procurator may also lodge a protest of the court’s findings with respect to any settlement.

With the court’s ratification of a settlement, a second hearing of the dispute between the same parties concerning the same subject and on the same grounds is precluded. If one party evades voluntary fulfillment of obligations according to the settlement, compulsory execution in the general manner is admissible. Settlements are also concluded in arbitration proceedings and comrades’ courts and before arbitration tribunals.


Settlement

 

(in Russian, poselok), in the USSR, a low-level administrative-territorial unit designating a community located outside a city’s limits. There are three types of settlements: workers’, resort-type, and dacha.

Workers’ settlements are communities located at large plants, mines, power plants, construction sites of large hydraulic-engineering installations, and other projects and having no less than 3,000 residents. At least 85 percent must be workers and office employees and members of their families.

Resort-type settlements are communities situated in localities with a curative environment and having a population of at least 2,000. The number of people who come annually for treatment and rest to these settlements must total at least 50 percent of the permanent population. Dacha settlements are vacation communities for city dwellers, in which not more than 25 percent of the adult population is continually engaged in agriculture.

In statistical literature all three types of settlements are sometimes combined under “urban-type settlement.” By January 1974 there were 3,700 settlements in the USSR.


Settlement

 

in civil cases in the Anglo-Saxon countries, an agreement between parties by virtue of which a court case is terminated before a decision is reached. If one party does not fulfill the conditions of the settlement, the court can enforce the conditions.

settlement

[′sed·əl·mənt]
(civil engineering)
The gradual downward movement of an engineering structure, due to compression of the soil below the foundation.
(geology)
The subsidence of surficial material (such as coastal sediments) due to compaction.
(mining engineering)
The gradual lowering of the overlying strata in a mine, due to extraction of the mined material.

settlement

1. The downward movement of a building structure due to consolidation of soil beneath the foundation.
2. The sinking of solid particles of aggregate in fresh concrete or mortar after its placement and before its initial set.
References in classic literature ?
I remained with my family on Clench until the sixth of June,1774, when I and one Michael Stoner were solicited by Governor Dunmore, of Virginia, to go to the Falls of the Ohio, to conduct into the settlement a number of surveyors that had been sent thither by him some months before; this country having about this time drawn the attention of many adventurers.
She looked in vain for the settlement, for the rugged ditches, the scattered cabins, and the unsightly heaps of gravel.
In many instances, the conviction of religious obligation formed one and a powerful inducement of the adventures; but in none, excepting the settlement at Plymouth, did they constitute the sole and exclusive actuating cause.
And thus was formed the earliest settlement of the Puritans in America.
Although the settlement of this part of Otsego a little preceded the birth of the author, it was not sufficiently advanced to render it desirable that an event so important to himself should take place in the wilderness.
This circumstance had suggested to him the idea of supplying the Russian establishment regularly by means of the annual ship that should visit the settlement at the mouth of the Columbia (or Oregon) ; by this means the casual trading vessels would be excluded from those parts of the coast where their malpractices were so injurious to the Russians.
It was now too late to require the assistance of Roger Malvin's friends in performing his long-deferred sepulture; and superstitious fears, of which none were more susceptible than the people of the outward settlements, forbade Reuben to go alone.
The same thing was brought about at Heraclea, soon after the settlement of the city, by the same persons; for the citizens of note, being ill treated by them, quitted the city, but afterwards joining together they returned and overthrew the popular state.
He must move by slow and irksome marches back to the east coast, or at least to the first white settlement in that direction.
If I ever meet with the man who fulfills my ideal, I shall make it a condition of the marriage settlement, that I am to have chocolate under the pillow.
They rushed clamorously into the presence of the Lioness and demanded of her the settlement of the dispute.
Once in every decade there shall be a general settlement, when the balance due shall be paid to the creditor nation in Mexican dollars.