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shop

1. a place, esp a small building, for the retail sale of goods and services
2. shut up shop to close business at the end of the day or permanently

Shop

 

the basic production subdivision of an industrial enterprise. As part of the overall process of production, shops perform certain specific functions in the manufacture of products and the delivery of technological or auxiliary services to primary production or to the enterprise as a whole. Depending on their functions, shops are divided into primary production shops, auxiliary shops, servicing shops, subordinate shops, and ancillary (or byproduct) shops.

Primary production shops (osnovnye tsekhi) are those engaged in the technological process of manufacturing the enterprise’s product. In metallurgical plants, for example, such shops include the blast-furnace, open-hearth, and rolling shops. In machine-building enterprises the primary production shops are subdivided into blanking (or die-cutting), machining, and assembly shops.

Auxiliary shops (vspomogatel’nye tsekhi) provide technical services to the primary production shops or to the entire enterprise. Their function is to repair buildings and equipment, manufacture and repair technological equipment for the primary production shops, and supply the enterprise with all forms of energy.

Servicing shops (obsluzhivaiushchie tsekhi) and annexes perform maintenance and, in part, technical functions in servicing the primary production shops and the entire plant. Such services include the acceptance, storage, distribution, and transportation of raw materials, other materials, fuel, semifinished and finished products, and waste products (plant warehousing and transportation).

Subordinate shops (podsobnye tsekhi) include shops engaged in the preparation of packing and crating materials and containers—that is, products needed for the release of the primary production output.

Ancillary shops (pobochnye tsekhi), which contribute to the total output by manufacturing by-products, include slag shops in metallurgical plants and the salvaging shops (that is, shops that manufacture consumer goods) in machine-building plants.

The shop categories differ in the various enterprises, depending on the branch of industry, the type of product, and the scale and methods of production. Large shops are subdivided into departments, sections, and assembly lines. Small enterprises sometimes operate on a nonshop basis—that is, without any shops at all.

REFERENCE

Organizatsiia i planirovanie mashinostroitel’nogo proizvodstva, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1974.
References in periodicals archive ?
The exact breakdown of the key reasons was: #Loyalty to existing provider - 62 per cent; #No time to shop around - 14 per cent; #Can't be bothered - 12 per cent; #Too stressful - 7 per cent; #Too confusing - 5 per cent.
Our aim is to shake drivers out of their complacency, encourage them to shop around and adopt a more questioning approach to car insurance.
It has also made it compulsory for insurance companies to tell people converting a personal pension into an annuity that they can shop around to get the best rate available.
Figures from the Association of British Insurers show that 55 per cent of annuity-buyers do not shop around on the open market.
Mike Pickard says: "We'd advise everyone to shop around and make sure it's you - not the maker of your car - which picks the best insurer and price for you.
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com, part of moneysupermarket, reckons its service is the first to allow customers to shop around all insurers.
The majority of people also failed to shop around for the most competitive rate when taking out a credit card, with 58 per cent of women and 51 per cent of men claiming an existing relationship with a bank was the biggest factor in the decision.
The PC Dads say that you should not only shop around for the hardware, you also should shop around for the best deals on support and service.
CAR buyers drive a hard bargain to get their dream motor but don't bother to shop around for finance, according to new research.
The FSA is proposing new rules under which providers must tell policyholders at least four months before they are due to retire that they can shop around and do not have to accept the annuity offered by the group they have held their pension with.
It's a technology that is revolutionizing the way people shop around the world and is a key strategic initiative for Symbol.