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1. a place, esp a small building, for the retail sale of goods and services
2. shut up shop to close business at the end of the day or permanently



the basic production subdivision of an industrial enterprise. As part of the overall process of production, shops perform certain specific functions in the manufacture of products and the delivery of technological or auxiliary services to primary production or to the enterprise as a whole. Depending on their functions, shops are divided into primary production shops, auxiliary shops, servicing shops, subordinate shops, and ancillary (or byproduct) shops.

Primary production shops (osnovnye tsekhi) are those engaged in the technological process of manufacturing the enterprise’s product. In metallurgical plants, for example, such shops include the blast-furnace, open-hearth, and rolling shops. In machine-building enterprises the primary production shops are subdivided into blanking (or die-cutting), machining, and assembly shops.

Auxiliary shops (vspomogatel’nye tsekhi) provide technical services to the primary production shops or to the entire enterprise. Their function is to repair buildings and equipment, manufacture and repair technological equipment for the primary production shops, and supply the enterprise with all forms of energy.

Servicing shops (obsluzhivaiushchie tsekhi) and annexes perform maintenance and, in part, technical functions in servicing the primary production shops and the entire plant. Such services include the acceptance, storage, distribution, and transportation of raw materials, other materials, fuel, semifinished and finished products, and waste products (plant warehousing and transportation).

Subordinate shops (podsobnye tsekhi) include shops engaged in the preparation of packing and crating materials and containers—that is, products needed for the release of the primary production output.

Ancillary shops (pobochnye tsekhi), which contribute to the total output by manufacturing by-products, include slag shops in metallurgical plants and the salvaging shops (that is, shops that manufacture consumer goods) in machine-building plants.

The shop categories differ in the various enterprises, depending on the branch of industry, the type of product, and the scale and methods of production. Large shops are subdivided into departments, sections, and assembly lines. Small enterprises sometimes operate on a nonshop basis—that is, without any shops at all.


Organizatsiia i planirovanie mashinostroitel’nogo proizvodstva, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1974.
References in periodicals archive ?
It's not that the shop assistants weren't pushy because they were - it's something I think they have to put on their CV.
Michael Thompson, general manager of the shopping centre where the shop assistant was stabbed, said security would be reviewed.
And yes, you've guessed it this week's 'Moan of the Week Award' goes to shop assistants everywhere.
Detective Sergeant Sarah Jones, who is leading the investigation, said: "The male shop assistant was alone when two males entered the store and demanded the contents of the till.
The man demanded the female shop assistant hand over cash and when she refused he produced a kitchen knife.
I think we need more mature shop assistants in this world - they have experience, knowledge and familiar friendliness.
Now 14-year-old Lucy Charnock is in the lead role of Skid Row florists shop assistant Audrey, and the quality of her acting and singing suggests she, too, will realise her ambition to pursue a career in musical theatre.
FORMER Middlesbrough and England footballer Paul Gascoigne has received a public apology over a newspaper claim that he groped a female shop assistant.
A SHOP assistant was left shaken after a man threatened her with a handgun during a robbery at a Newcastle store.
The defendants allegedly stabbed the Indian shop assistant with a knife and hit him with a piece of metal before stealing money and other items and fleeing in a stolen car.
A RAIDER attacked a woman shop assistant and demanded money.
Richard Mulhearn, 70, distracted a shop assistant while James Adams, 72, rifled through the store.