shoreline effect


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shoreline effect

The refraction of electromagnetic waves when crossing a land or a water interface (crossing a shoreline). The bending of the radio waves results in errors in the direction finders. The extent of bending depends on the angle with which the radio waves cross the shoreline. As the crossing angle becomes smaller, the refraction increases. Radio waves traveling parallel to the coastline tend to curve inland. Also called land effect and coastline refraction. See coastal refraction.