The result shows that no shrinkage pore or no serious porosity is found in castings, especially in the centres of cylindrical rods, whilst only few concentrated shrinkage pores appear in the risers.
Due to the pressure of compressed gas, it is also required that no shrinkage pores and no serious porosities form in castings.
Contrarily, shrinkage pores will emerge in this region.
Any further shrinkage in the area around the pore will lead to pore growth and the area of influence can be large since hydrostatic tension far from the shrinkage pore can contribute to growth.
For the three main types of porosity in cast aluminum - gas pores, shrinkage pores and gas-shrinkage pores - nucleation and growth occurs as follows.
Oxide and other forms of nonmetallic contamination influence shrinkage pore
This helps refine the shrinkage pores, which gives rise to improved mechanical properties with greater repeatability.
Reduced Porosity--Shearing of gas bubbles at the melt pre-conditioner and the refinement of shrinkage pores improve the X-ray quality of the casting, as pores smaller than the resolution of the X-ray equipment do not appear in the image.
For example, simulated time/temperature profiles can predict the formation of isolated hot spots where late solidification might lead to shrinkage pores
the decrease in the number of shrinkage pores
is due to the microstructural effect of Sr;
Cluster analysis was performed on the samples to measure gas and shrinkage pores
, and pore size and density were used in conjunction with the aspect and area to perimeter ratios to determine that the shrinkage pores
are consistently irregular as compared to gas pores.
In a paper presented at the Novi conference, Jack Dorcic of IIT Research Institute notes that squeeze casting also permits filling of heavy sections, minimizing hot spots and shrinkage pores