sial

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Related to sialic: mafic, sialic acid

sial:

see continentcontinent,
largest unit of landmasses on the earth. The continents include Eurasia (conventionally regarded as two continents, Europe and Asia), Africa, North America, South America, Australia, and Antarctica.
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sial

[′sī‚al]
(petrology)
A petrologic term for the silica- and alumina-rich upper rock layers of the earth's crust; gives rise to granite magma; the bulk of the continental blocks is sialic. Also known as granitic layer; sal.
References in periodicals archive ?
The sialic acid, GAGs and uronic acid content of velvet antlers at different cutting times in elk are shown in Table 2.
Abnormal sialic acid content of the dysfibrinogenemia associated with liver disease.
B cell antigen receptor signal strength and peripheral B cell development are regulated by a 9-O-acetyl sialic acid esterase.
After six months patients on rosiglitazone treatment exhibited significantly higher serum sialic acid than controls and a significant correlation between total cholesterol and glucose concentration compared with the controls.
The change of mRNA expression could be related to the change of alpha 2,3 sialic acid expression in carbohydrates structures that could play a role in the cellular adherence.
Affinity for sialic acid was tested in competitive antiviral assays, as reported previously [13].
This drug, similar to oseltamivir, is also a sialic acid analogue that inhibits the neuraminidases of influenza A and B viruses.
Yoshihiro Kawaoka of the School of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and his colleagues also sought to determine where in the human body lie the cells with sialic acid-a-2,3-Gal receptors, to which H5N1 can bind.
Sialic acid was eliminated as the carbohydrate's possible identity, because treatment of the antigen with a neuraminidase capable of cleaving [alpha] (2,3), [alpha](2,6) and [alpha](2,8) sialic acid linkages (Powell et al.
The binding of chitosan residues with sialic acid residues make prolonged contact of the drug with the epithelium, also it was assumed that opening of the intercellular junctions by chitosan could lead to the enhancement of peptide absorption across the mucosa.
CDT, as its name implies, is a form of this molecule that is deficient in the carbohydrate sialic acid.
o]=8-16) (Table 3), while sialic acid inhibited haemagglutinating activity of all the strains tested.