This reaction is reversible as long as the isocyanate is not lost to a side reaction
Another important side reaction
is hydrolysis which originated from formed water during the reaction or present as impurity (Reaction 5).
3] appeared, which was resulted by a side reaction
known as a-addition occurred between Si--H groups and [alpha]-carbon atoms' as shown in Scheme 2.
The main side reaction
for ethylene-based polymer is crosslinking, while that for propylene-based polymer is [beta]-scission.
Over-loading of TDI would also generate a side reaction
with water (34).
This side reaction
occurs in the first reaction stage, and the destruction of unsaturation is favored by higher initial temperatures.
In other words, the crosslinking reaction primarily occurs in functionalization of polyolefins with low propene or octene content, while the degradation is the main side reaction
in functionalization of polyolefins with high propene content.
A particularly undesirable side reaction
is the conversion of BD and hydroxybutyl end groups into tetrahydrofuranate (THF) (6).
The conventional Karenz AOI(TM) has become an essential material for electronics manufacturers, being used as resisting material for microfabrication in production of LCDs and semiconductors due to its low side reaction
and high-performance photo-curing.
The FuelCell Energy technology efficiently separates and concentrates CO2 as a side reaction
during the power generation process.
Indeed, the side reaction
overpotential remains positive, however it is conservative.
This is because the cycle of charge-discharge of V-RFB was delimited just before all the electrolytes species is completely consumed to prevent V-RFB operating under side reaction