sidereal day


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Related to sidereal day: synodic month

sidereal day:

see sidereal timesidereal time
(ST), time measured relative to the fixed stars; thus, the sidereal day is the period during which the earth completes one rotation on its axis so that some chosen star appears twice on the observer's celestial meridian.
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sidereal day

The interval between two successive passages of a catalog equinox across a given meridian. It is divided into 24 sidereal hours. The sidereal day is 3 minutes 56 seconds shorter than the mean solar day.

Sidereal day

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

A sidereal day is the period of time it takes for Earth to complete one rotation on its axis with respect to a fixed point in space. Specifically, a sidereal day begins and ends when the local meridian for any given location on Earth passes through 0° Aries (the vernal point). Because of the motion of Earth around the Sun, sidereal days are slightly shorter than ordinary solar days. A sidereal day is 23 hours 56 minutes and 4.09 seconds in length; a sidereal hour is ½4 the length of a sidereal day.

sidereal day

[sī′dir·ē·əl ′dā]
(astronomy)
The time between two successive upper transits of the vernal equinox; this period measures one sidereal day.

sidereal day

sidereal dayclick for a larger image
The period between two successive transits of a particular meridian on the earth by the first point of Aries or successive transits of the vernal equinox. Because the first point of Aries is not fixed in space and it precesses along the equinoctial 11.26” of ecliptic by arc each year, the sidereal day measured relative to Aries is minutely shorter than that measured relative to a fixed point in space. These two days are known as practical and theoretical sidereal days, respectively. The time over the upper branch of any meridian is equal to 24 h of mean sidereal time or 23 h 56 min 4.09054 s of mean solar time.

sidereal day

Slightly less than the 24 hours of a solar day (23 hours, 56 minutes, 4.1 seconds). Used in astronomy, sidereal means "when a star crosses the meridian" (the meridian is an imaginary circle around the earth). For example, at noon, the sun and stars are overhead, but 23 hours, 56 minutes and 4.1 seconds later, the earth is back in relation to the stars, but not the sun, which takes approximately four minutes longer.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is worth mentioning that Haas and Schuh (1996) found from the analysis of VLBI-observed tidal displacements of the stations 426 [+ or -] 20 sidereal days, while Florsch and Hinderer (2000) found the period of about 428 days from the analysis of tidal gravity data.
This is to be compared with the fact that a sidereal day is 3.
As well the experiment was performed over 178 days, making it possible to measure with accuracy ([+ or -]25 s) the period of the phase signal to be the sidereal day (23 h 56 min), thus permitting to conclude that absolute motion had been detected, even with apparent turbulence.
3) there are two peaks--one corresponds to sidereal day (1436 minutes), the second, which is less expressed, corresponds to solar day (1440 minutes).
1999, The free core nutation period stays between 431 and 434 sidereal days.
Splitting of the local-time peak in Fig 1c is similar to splitting of the daily period in two peaks with periods equal to solar and sidereal days [9-11].