Finally, the system testing will demonstrate a multi-wavelength ( 8 channels), multi-phase-shift-keying (MPSK) signal regeneration
in a commercial network, which offers a high-capacity and green technology alternative to core switching nodes.
FOPAs can be used for 2R and 3R signal regeneration
, wavelength conversion , dispersion compensation , and so on.
Depending on the signal strength and encoding/decoding techniques used for transmission and reception, a transponder can change the frequency, polarization, and modulation technique for signal regeneration
, amplification, and retransmission back to Earth.
In addition, because of its ability to transmit over long distances, the Ekinops gear eliminates the need for signal regeneration
in intermediate sites and allows connectivity of spans up to 220 kilometers.
The component combination extends the signal regeneration
properties of the company's hybrid 2R device from data rates of 40Gb/s to 100Gb/s and retains multi-channel capability.
The bridge uses the store-and-forward procedure, enabling segmentation splitting, as well as 3R signal regeneration
The Terabit Challenge is a five-phase testing process which will result in a complete optical network, eliminating the need for signal regeneration
and optimizing the use of existing available bandwidth.
Support for 3R's (Re-amplify, Re-shape, Re-time) optical signal regeneration
is also standard.
It has a range of 160 kilometers (100 miles) without signal regeneration
With the application of additional technologies such as dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) and optical amplification, capacities up to 800Gbps can be achieved on a single fiber over distances of 3000km without the need for signal regeneration
Vaultas wanted to eliminate the need for optical signal regeneration
along the route, and the Ekinops equipment was an ideal solution.
Cisco's nLight technology enables coherent 100 Gbps transport services supporting industry-leading performance of 3,000 km without the need for costly signal regeneration