mastectomy

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Related to simple mastectomy: modified radical mastectomy, radical mastectomy

mastectomy

(măstĕk`təmē), surgical removal of breast tissue, usually done as treatment for breast cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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. There are many types of mastectomy. In general, the farther the cancer has spread, the more tissue is taken. The radical mastectomies of the past (which removed not only the breast, but underlying chest muscle and lymph nodes) have largely been replaced by less drastic, but equally effective procedures. For small tumors, lumpectomy, removing just the tumor and a margin of tissue, may be performed. A partial, or segmental, mastectomy removes the cancer, some breast tissue, the lining over the chest, and usually some lymph nodes from under the arm; total or simple mastectomy removes the whole breast; modified radical mastectomy takes the breast, lining over the chest muscles, and lymph nodes.

Breast reconstruction can be done using the patient's own tissue or breast implantsbreast implant,
saline- or silicone-filled prosthesis used after mastectomy as a part of the breast reconstruction process or used cosmetically to augment small breasts.
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. Mammograms and self-conducted breast exams have done much to reduce the need for radical procedures because they have increased early detection of the cancer, allowing it to be treated before it has spread.

mastectomy

[ma′stek·tə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical removal of the breast. Also known as mammectomy.

mastectomy

the surgical removal of a breast
References in periodicals archive ?
Grading into benign, borderline and malignant was performed preoperatively based on FNAC findings and patients were subjected to wide local excision for benign cases and simple mastectomy for malignant cases and were postoperatively followed up for recurrence.
A repeat biopsy was asked for before a major surgery, but, instead, the clinician decided to go for a simple mastectomy due to strong clinical suspicion of malignancy.
Axillary dissection had been performed in 22 patients and simple mastectomy in 4.
Independent influence of state and HMO payer on likelihood of receiving an outpatient CMAS was determined from multivariate models, adjusting for clinical characteristics (age [less than]50 years, comorbidity, metastases, simple mastectomy, breast reconstruction) and hospital characteristics (teaching, ownership, urban).
11) Recent literature is in favor of modified radical or simple mastectomy combined with radiation therapy.
Simple mastectomy is the preferred treatment modality used by most surgeons due to the rarity of lymph node involvement by this tumor; its lower morbidity; and faster recovery.
It has been demonstrated that radical mastectomy increases seroma formation compared with that of simple mastectomy, [14, 15] but the association is inconclusive when radical mastectomy is compared with modified radical mastectomy (MRM).
Fibroadenomas were treated by simple excision except for a single case in male where he underwent simple mastectomy, and one case wide local excision was done where it was clinically diagnosed as phyllodes tumor.
Right simple mastectomy done with a clinical diagnosis of fungating carcinoma breast.

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